Gender Violence

  title={Gender Violence},
  author={Emilia L. Lombardi and Riki Anne Wilchins and Dana Priesing and Diana Malouf},
  journal={Journal of Homosexuality},
  pages={101 - 89}
Abstract There is a pervasive pattern of discrimination and prejudice against transgendered people within society. Both economic discrimination and experiencing violence could be the result of a larger social climate that severely sanctions people for not conforming to society's norms concerning gender; as such, both would be strongly associated with each other. Questionnaires were distributed to people either through events or through volunteers, and made available upon the World Wide Web. A… 
Gender identity and hate crimes: Violence against transgender people in Los Angeles County
Although efforts to improve the documentation of violence based on perceived gender identity have been steadily increasing over the last 10 years, the actual analysis of the reports of such violence
Social Representations of Iranian Transsexual People in the Media: A Thematic Analysis
A trans identity is now available almost anywhere, and to anyone who does not feel comfortable in the gender role they were attributed with at birth, or has a gender identity at odds with the labels
Violence against transgender people: A review of United States data
Sexual Citizenship Theory and Employment Discrimination among Transgender-Identified People
Employment discrimination remains a consistent and widespread concern among transgender and gender non-conforming (GNC) people. A secondary data analysis was conducted using the Transgender Law
“I’m Always Worried”: Exploring Perceptions of Safety and Community Inclusion Among Transgender People
Transgender (trans) people (including non-binary persons) experience high rates of violence and discrimination regarding their gender identity and expression, necessitating a deeper understanding of
Crossing Boundaries and Fetishization: Experiences of Sexual Violence for Trans Women of Color
This study examined subjective experiences of sexual violence for 31 trans women of color living in Australia through in-depth interviews, and suggested that understanding these intersectionalities is integral in understanding the sexual violence experiences of transWomen of color.
Affecting Transgender Prejudice in the Classroom
Social discrimination is a common experience with measurable consequences for those affected. The effects include poorer mental health and poverty, issues which are commonly addressed by human
Heterosexism and genderism within policing: a study of police culture in the US and the UK
Although research on lesbian, gay and bisexual people has been recently increased within criminology that which specifically examines or includes transgender identities remains exceedingly rare.
Gender nonconformity as a target of prejudice, discrimination, and violence against LGB individuals.
It is shown that gender nonconformity prejudice is often intertwined with antigay prejudice and both constructs should be included when addressing prejudice and hate crimes targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals and communities.
Conforming for survival: Associations between transgender visual conformity/passing and homelessness experiences
ABSTRACT Transgender/gender-nonconforming (GNC) individuals face widespread discrimination and harassment, and are frequently victims of transphobic acts of violence. Furthermore, transgender/GNC


Genderbashing: Sexuality, Gender, and the Regulation of Public Space
In this paper I address the relations between gender and sexuality in violence generally known as ‘gaybashing’. I argue that a perceived transgression of normative sex-gender relations motivates most
The Context of Anti-Gay Violence
Hate crimes against lesbians and gay men occur within a broader cultural context that is permeated by heterosexism. Heterosexism is defined here as an ideological system that denies, denigrates, and
Primary and Secondary Victimization in Anti-Gay Hate Crimes
Lesbian and gay male targets of hate crimes face multiple levels of victimization. In addition to suffering the effects of being a crime victim, they also face secondary victimization (i.e.,
The prevalence of victimization and its effect on mental well-being among lesbian and gay people.
Results indicate that victimization has a significant positive effect on depression for both lesbians and gay men when controlling for other variables, and self-esteem was found to be the strongest predictor of depression for the entire sample.
Minority stress and mental health in gay men.
  • I. Meyer
  • Psychology
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1995
The results supported minority stress hypotheses: each of the stressors had a significant independent association with a variety of mental health measures and odds ratios suggested that men who had high levels of minority stress were twice to three times as likely to suffer also from high level of distress.
First National Survey of Transgender Violence
  • New York: GenderPAC.
  • 1997
Anti-Lesbian/Gay Violence in 1995
  • Chicago: Horizons.
  • 1995
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, and Horizons
  • 1995
Transgendered Youth Fact Sheet
  • The Transgender Protocol Team (ed.), Transgender Protocol: Treatment Services Guidelines for Substance Abuse Treatment Providers (pp. 7-8). San Francisco: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Substance Abuse Task Force.
  • 1995