Gender Verification in Competitive Sports

@article{Simpson1993GenderVI,
  title={Gender Verification in Competitive Sports},
  author={Joe Leigh Simpson and Arne Ljungqvist and Albert de la Chapelle and Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith and Myron Genel and Alison Carlson and Anke Ehrhardt and Elizabeth A. Ferris},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={1993},
  volume={16},
  pages={305-315}
}
SummaryThe possibility that men might masquerade as women and be unfair competitors in women’s sports is accepted as outrageous by athletes and the public alike. Since the 1930s, media reports have fuelled claims that individuals who once competed as female athletes subsequently appeared to be men. In most of these cases there was probably ambiguity of the external genitalia, possibly as a result of male pseudohermaphroditism. Nonetheless, beginning at the Rome Olympic Games in 1960, the… 
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Disciplining Sex: ‘Gender Verification’ Policies and Women’s Sport
In August 2009, South African middle distance runner Caster Semenya, then just 18 years old, crushed the competition in her international debut. Beating her closest competitor by more than two
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