Gender Variance and Sexual Orientation Among Male Spirit Mediums in Myanmar

  title={Gender Variance and Sexual Orientation Among Male Spirit Mediums in Myanmar},
  author={Eli Coleman and Mariette Pathy Allen and Jessie VanNess Ford},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
This article describes the gender identity, gender expression, and sexual orientation of male spirit mediums in Myanmar. Our analysis is based on ethnographic work, field observation, and 10 semi-structured interviews. These observations were conducted from 2010 to 2015, mostly in Mandalay, with some fieldwork in Yangon and Bagan. The focus of this investigation was specifically on achout (gender variant individuals) who were spirit mediums (nat kadaw). Semi-structured interviews explored the… 
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