Gender Stereotypes, Candidate Evaluations, and Voting for Women Candidates

  title={Gender Stereotypes, Candidate Evaluations, and Voting for Women Candidates},
  author={Kathleen Dolan},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  pages={107 - 96}
  • Kathleen Dolan
  • Published 1 March 2014
  • Sociology
  • Political Research Quarterly
Elections involving women candidates in the United States can offer unsettling examples of voter gender stereotypes, but research on women candidates provides little in the way of available data that allow us to link stereotypes to voter decision-making. This project reports results from a 2010 survey designed to examine gender stereotypes, candidate evaluations, and voting behavior in U.S. House elections with women candidates running against men. In general, stereotypes are not a central part… 

Figures from this paper

The Impact of Gender Stereotypes on Voting for Women Candidates by Level and Type of Office

Previous research has documented that the public often views women candidates through the lens of gender stereotypes. However, as much of this work draws on experimental designs and hypothetical

The Contingent Effects of Candidate Sex on Voter Choice

A prominent explanation for why women are significantly underrepresented in public office in the U.S. is that stereotypes lead voters to favor male candidates over female candidates. Yet whether

Gender Stereotyping and the Electoral Success of Women Candidates: New Evidence from Local Elections in the United States

Abstract Research shows that voters often use gender stereotypes to evaluate candidates, which should help women in some electoral contexts and hurt them in others. Yet, most research examines a

Are You My Candidate? Gender, Undervoting, and Vote Choice in Same-Party Matchups

Abstract Partisanship is the dominant force that dictates American electoral behavior. Yet Americans often participate in elections in which either the partisanship of candidates is unknown or

When All Parties Nominate Women: The Role of Political Gender Stereotypes in Voters’ Choices

Abstract Do political gender stereotypes exist in egalitarian settings in which all parties nominate women? Do they matter for candidate selection in systems of proportional representation with

The Politicisation of Abortion, Voters’ Stereotypes and the Electoral Success of Women Candidates

Gendered stereotypes about politicians are widespread in the electorate. This article analyses whether such stereotypes impact electoral results in a proportional representation open list system

Running Local: Gender Stereotyping and Female Candidates in Local Elections

An implicit assumption underlying the gender stereotyping literature is that female candidates have an advantage in local elections. Two factors motivate this assumption. First, some local issues,

Does Gender Stereotyping Affect Women at the Ballot Box ? Evidence from Local Elections in California , 1995-2013

Research demonstrates that many voters use gender stereotypes to evaluate candidates, but does that stereotyping affect women’s electoral success? In this paper, we try to make headway in answering

Emotional, Sensitive, and Unfit for Office? Gender Stereotype Activation and Support Female Candidates

Women are underrepresented at all levels of elected office. It is suspected that gender stereotypes hinder the electoral success of female candidates, but empirical evidence is inconclusive on

Gender Stereotypes, Political Leadership, and Voting Behavior in Tunisia

Although female political representation in the Arab world has nearly doubled in the last decade, little is known about how voters in the region view female politicians and their political platforms,



Gender stereotypes and vote choice

second body of research argues that voters employ gender stereotypes when they evaluate candidates. These studies are usually based on experiments which manipulate candi? date gender. This study

Race and Gender Cues in Low-Information Elections

Previous research has demonstrated that in low-information elections voters compensate for a lack of information by taking informational short-cuts, based on candidate cues, to make voting decisions.

The Consequences of Gender Stereotypes for Women Candidates at Different Levels and Types of Office

Despite the recent electoral success of female candiates in local, state, and national elections, we find that voters' gender stereotypes have potentially negative implications for women candidates,

When Gender and Party Collide: Stereotyping in Candidate Trait Attribution

Research has shown that voters are willing to stereotype candidates on the basis of their gender, which can sometimes pose obstacles and sometimes prove advantageous for female politicians. But the

Do Gender Stereotypes Transcend Party?

Voters hold stereotypes about candidate gender and candidate party. Yet little is known about the intersection of gender and party stereotypes. In this article, we investigate whether gender

Voting Cues in Low-Information Elections: Candidate Gender as a Social Information Variable in Contemporary United States Elections

Theory: Theories of low-information voting are used to examine the effect of candidate demographic characteristics on voting behavior, specifically candidate gender. Hypotheses: For voters in

Candidate gender and assessments of senate candidates

This research examines whether evidence of gender stereotypes is present in citizens' evaluations of candidates for the United States Senate. I analyze citizens' likes and dislikes toward male and

Gender Stereotypes and Citizens' Impressions of House Candidates' Ideological Orientations

categorization on the basis of gender to occur among the most and least politically sophisticated. Finally, citi? zens draw on stereotypes of women to assign attributes to female candi? dates, not on

The Impact of Gender Stereotyped Evaluations on Support for Women Candidates

In 2009, women are still dramatically underrepresented in elected office in the United States. Though the reasons for this are complex, public attitudes toward this situation are no doubt of

Gender-Based Differences in Perceptions of Male and Female City Council Candidates

This research examines voter attitudes toward male and female candidates for entry-level multi-candidate city council positions under conditions of information. Substantive gender-based differences