Gender Similarities in Mathematics and Science

  title={Gender Similarities in Mathematics and Science},
  author={Janet Shibley Hyde and Marcia C. Linn},
  pages={599 - 600}
Boys and girls have similar psychological traits and cognitive abilities; thus, a focus on factors other than gender is needed to help girls persist in mathematical and scientific career tracks. 

Topics from this paper

Secondary school students and self-efficacy in mathematics: Gender and age differences
Gender differences in academic performance has received considerable attention over the years. Studies have found that even when there are no gender differences in math performance, female students...
Math and Science Identity Change and Paths into and out of STEM: Gender and Racial Disparities
Researchers emphasize the role of math and science identities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. However, little is known about whether these identities might ev...
New Directions in the Study of Gender Similarities and
review new trends in research on the psychology of gender. The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Gender is notExpand
Gender Differences in Educational Participation and Achievement across Subject Areas
Results of a study carried out to examine gender differences in educational participation and achievement across subject areas are discussed. The results have revealed a small female advantage inExpand
The Influence of Gender, Intellectual Ability, Academic Self-Concept, Self-Regulation, Learning Strategies, Popularity and Parent Involvement in Early Adolescence
This work was supported in part by the Vice Chancellor of Research of the University of Alicante under Grant GRE 11-15, and by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness under GrantExpand
The interactive effects of gender and implicit theories of abilities on mathematics and science achievements
In this study, we investigated how gender and implicit theories of mathematics and science abilities interacted to predict mathematics and science achievements in a sample of elementary (primary)Expand
Multilevel Impacts on Mathematical Learning Using Differentiated Curricula
ideal might imply. Although elementary school classrooms are certainly more likely to be intact, tractable units than their middle school and high school counterparts, students flow in
Gender, Culture, and Sex-Typed Cognitive Abilities
National gender differences in reading, mathematics and science literacy from 65 nations participating in the 2009 round of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) were reported, and girls outperform boys in reading literacy and boys outperform girls in mathematics in the USA. Expand
Math and Science Attitudes and Achievement at the Intersection of Gender and Ethnicity
Despite gender similarities in math and science achievement, women continue to be underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and careers. Increasingly,Expand
No intrinsic gender differences in children’s earliest numerical abilities
Examination of cross-sectional gender differences in mathematical cognition from over 500 children aged 6 months to 8 years suggests that girls and boys begin development with an equivalent cognitive capacity for mathematics during early childhood. Expand


The gender similarities hypothesis.
  • J. Hyde
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 2005
Results from a review of 46 meta-analyses support the gender similarities hypothesis, which holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Expand
Separated by Sex:: A Critical Look at Single-Sex Education for Girls (ed. Morse, Susan)
This important report summarizes the research on single-sex education, an ever-present but long-ignored segment of our educational system, which the report suggests has much worth modeling;Expand
Gender differences in mathematics performance: a meta-analysis.
It is concluded that gender differences in mathematics performance are small, and the lower performance of women in problem solving that is evident in high school requires attention. Expand
Single-sex Classes and Equal Opportunities for Girls and Boys: Perspectives through time from a mixed comprehensive school in England
The recent concern with the apparent 'under-achievement' of boys in England's comprehensive schools has led schools to review the potential of single-sex classes as a means of improving performance.Expand
Math Male, Me Female, Therefore Math Me
College students, especially women, demonstrated negativity toward math and science relative to arts and language on implicit measures. Group membership (being female), group identity (self female),Expand
Gender and Helping Behavior. A Meta-Analytic Review of the Social Psychological Literature
According to our social-role theory of gender and helping, the male gender role fosters helping that is heroic and chivalrous, whereas the female gender role fosters helping that is nurturant andExpand
Gender and the effectiveness of leaders: a meta-analysis.
Aggregated over the organizational and laboratory experimental studies in the sample, male and female leaders were equally effective, however, consistent with the assumption that the congruence of leadership roles with leaders' gender enhances effectiveness, men were more effective than women in roles that were defined in more masculine terms. Expand
Sex Differences in Aggression in Real-World Settings: A Meta-Analytic Review
Meta-analytic reviews of sex differences in aggression from real-world settings are described. They cover self-reports, observations, peer reports, and teacher reports of overall direct, physical,Expand
Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences
Contents: Prefaces. The Concepts of Power Analysis. The t-Test for Means. The Significance of a Product Moment rs (subscript s). Differences Between Correlation Coefficients. The Test That aExpand
Gender and Negotiator Competitiveness: A Meta-analysis.
Meta-analytic review of research reports on the relationship between gender and competitive behavior in dyadic bargaining interactions suggested that constraints on negotiators (imposed by abstract bargaining paradigms and restrictions on communication) lessen gender differences in negotiation behavior. Expand