Gender Segregation in Elite Academic Science

@article{Ecklund2012GenderSI,
  title={Gender Segregation in Elite Academic Science},
  author={Elaine Howard Ecklund and Anne E. Lincoln and Cassandra Tansey},
  journal={Gender \& Society},
  year={2012},
  volume={26},
  pages={693 - 717}
}
Efforts to understand gender segregation within and among science disciplines have focused on both supply- and demand-side explanations. Yet we know little about how academic scientists themselves view the sources of such segregation. Utilizing data from a survey of scientists at thirty top U.S. graduate programs in physics and biology (n = 2,503) and semistructured interviews with 150 of them, this article examines the reasons academic scientists provide for differences in the distribution of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Gender Segregation Across Engineering Majors: How Engineering Professors Understand Women’s Underrepresentation in Undergraduate Engineering

ABSTRACT Women’s persistent underrepresentation in undergraduate engineering is a well-documented concern. One issue missing from many discussions on the topic, however, is that women are not equally

Framing the Faculty Gender Gap: A View from STEM Doctoral Students

Drawing on 48 interviews with science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) doctoral students at a private research university in the United States (US), we examine how students make sense

Publishing and Parenting in Academic Science: A Study of Different National Contexts

In the first cross-national, mixed-methods study on gender, family, and science, the authors examined the relationship between research productivity and family life for male and female physicists and

Differentiations in Visibility-Male Advantages and Female Disadvantages in Gender-Segregated Programmes

This article stresses the importance of understanding that women and men in gender-segregated programmes experience their gender minority positions very differently, and indicates, as does previous research, that there are differences between how female and male students become visible, but the differences can also appear within both groups of students.

Using the prisms of gender and rank to interpret research collaboration power dynamics

Overall, the findings support that gender structures some part of the collaborative experience, but that status hierarchy exerts more clear effects.

Gender and productivity in biotechnology: Evidence from mexican scientists

  • H. Merritt
  • Education
    2015 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET)
  • 2015
In the innovation literature, it is widely recognized that women face a number of gender related barriers to succeed in scientific careers. Most women seeking to become scientists need to overcome

An Intersectional Analysis of Perspectives on Science and Religion in the United States

ABSTRACT Using General Social Survey data (n = 3,504), we examine racial, ethnic, and gender divisions in perspectives on science and religion. We find that while blacks and Latinos are each more

Gender Perspective on Affective Dimensions of Chemistry Learning

Declining numbers of young people pursuing science-based areas of study and careers have often been reported in national documents around the globe. Students’ positive attitudes toward science are

Gendered Patterns of Unmet Resource Need among Academic Researchers

  • Kody Steffy
  • Education
    Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World
  • 2021
An expansive body of literature has documented how academia acts as a gendered organization, characterized by disadvantage at multiple levels. Because of data limitations, we know surprisingly little

Gender and societies: a grassroots approach to women in science

It is concluded that, when the stakes are low, efforts to tackle historic gender bias towards men have been at least partially successful, but when thestakes are higher male dominance is often still the norm.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES

Women in Science: Career Processes and Outcomes

Science is an institutional medium of power, marked by immense inequality in status and rewards. It is a strategic research site for the study of gender in hierarchical contexts, reflecting and

More Than a Pipeline Problem: Labor Supply Constraints and Gender Stratification Across Academic Science Disciplines

Employing a nationally representative sample of science faculty in U.S. colleges, we investigate 3 explanations for persisting differences in women's faculty representation across science fields even

Women's Work: Gender Equality vs. Hierarchy in the Life Sciences

In bureaucratic firms, and increasingly in the courts, the received wisdom is that if management is serious about promoting equal opportunity, it will institute and monitor formal evaluation

Do Faculty Serve as Role Models? The Impact of Instructor Gender on Female Students

Although women have matched or surpassed men in many educational outcomes such as college access and persistence, female students remain much less likely to major in quantitative, technical, and

Scientists Want More Children

It is shown that having fewer children than wished as a result of the science career affects the life satisfaction of science faculty and indirectly affects career satisfaction, and that young scientists (graduate students and postdoctoral fellows) who have had fewerChildren than wished are more likely to plan to exit science entirely.

Sex Segregation in the Workplace

This chapter reviews research on the segregation of women and men in the workplace. After examining ways to measure segregation, I summarize trends in sex segregation in the United States and

WOMEN, SCIENCE, AND ACADEMIA

In the study of gender and society, science is a strategic analytic research site—because of the hierarchical nature of gendered relations, generally, and the hierarchy of science, particularly.

Women’s work: gender equality vs hierarchy in the life sciences

The presence of women at “doing science” in the contemporary modernity is a well known fact recognized by a wide range of studies. As a counterpart, it was not observed an equivalent correspondence

Women and Men Faculty in Academic Science and Engineering: Social-Organizational Indicators and Implications

The article depicts four key social-organizational features of work, as reported by women and men respondents: frequency of speaking with faculty about research in home unit, ratings of aspects of position and department, characterizations of departmental climates, and levels of interference experienced with work and family.

The Climate for Women in Academic Science: The Good, the Bad, and the Changeable

Deficits theory posits that women scientists have not yet achieved parity with men scientists because of structural aspects of the scientific environment that provide them with fewer opportunities
...