Gender Quotas, Electoral Laws, and the Election of Women

  title={Gender Quotas, Electoral Laws, and the Election of Women},
  author={Mark Peter Jones},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={21 - 3}
  • M. Jones
  • Published 1 February 1998
  • Political Science
  • Comparative Political Studies
Gender quotas represent a commonly advocated method by which to address the severe underrepresentation of women in the world's legislatures. This study analyzes the effect of gender quota laws on the election of women legislators. It also examines the extent to which other electoral rules can influence the effect of quotas on the election of women. Argentina's provinces employ a wide variety of electoral law arrangements for the election of their provincial legislatures, thereby providing a… 

Making Quotas Work: The Effect of Gender Quota Laws On the Election of Women

Gender quota laws are intended to increase the number of women elected to legislatures, but initial evidence suggests that many laws have had little effect. I present a cross-national, statistical

The impact of gender quotas : a research agenda

Political parties and national legislatures in more than 100 countries have established quotas for the selection of female candidates to political office, almost all within the last 15 years. To

Implementation of Political Party Gender Quotas

The use of gender quotas to increase women's political representation in legislatures has expanded in recent years. Scholars have identified three main categories of gender quotas, including

Gender Quotas and Women's Political Leadership

Though more than 100 countries have adopted gender quotas, the effects of these reforms on women's political leadership are largely unknown. We exploit a natural experiment—a 50–50 quota imposed by


On July 17, 2015 a bill adopted by the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, introduced a party-level gender quota of 30 per cent in local municipal elections. This paper examines the previous

Quotas and qualifications: the impact of gender quota laws on the qualifications of legislators in the Italian parliament

This article addresses concerns that candidates nominated because of gender quota laws will be less qualified for office. While questions of candidate quality have long been relevant to legislative

Women in parliament: assessing the effectiveness of gender quotas in Poland

ABSTRACT Gender quotas aim to increase women’s parliamentary representation. However, the effectiveness of quotas varies. This article explores this issue further by examining the case of Poland,

Gender Quotas for Legislatures and Corporate Boards

The global proliferation of quotas for women over the past 30 years is both remarkable and consequential. Targeting decision-making positions historically resistant to women’s equal inclusion, the

Candidate gender quotas: A framework for analysis

Quotas for women in politics have diffused rapidly around the globe in recent years, with political parties and national legislatures in more than a hundred countries adopting - or debating the

The Impact of Gender Quotas on Votes for Women Candidates: Evidence from Italy

To explore the impact of quotas on women's political representation, this study estimates a conditional multinomial logit for the probability of voting for men and women, utilizing data that includes



Increasing Women's Representation Via Gender Quotas:: The Argentine Ley de Cupos

The Argentine Ley de Cupos (Law of Quotas) is the singular example of a national law requiring all political parties to place a minimum quota of women in electable positions on their party lists for

Electoral System Effects on Women's Representation

This study considers the effects of electoral system structure on women's representation in national legislatures. Research done in Western Europe finds women's representation is positively affected

The Contagion of Women Candidates in Single-Member District and Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Canada and Norway

There is a distinct gap in women's representation in national legislatures between countries with single-member district electoral systems and those with proportional representation electoral

Electoral Systems in Comparative Perspective: Their Impact on Women and Minorities

Preface The Underrepresentation Problem Equity in Representation for Women and Minorities by Joseph F. Zimmerman Parliaments of, by, and for the People: Except for Women? by Wilma Rule Minorities

Federalism and the Number of Parties in Argentine Congressional Elections

This study examines the impact of provincial (state) elections on the number of electoral parties in national legislative elections. Using data from Argentina, the most salient determinant of

Does Their Difference Make a Difference? The Impact of Women on Public Policy in Arizona Legislature.

Through a longitudinal analysis of bills initiated in the Arizona state legislature between 1969 and 1986, this study investigates qualitative and quantitative changes in the effects of gender on

Electoral Reform and the Transformation of Party Politics in Italy

Advocates of the 1993 reform of the Italian parliamentary electoral system intended it profoundly to alter the structure of the party system and the relationships among parties, interests and voters.

Multi-Member Districts and the Representation of Women: Evidence from Britain and the United States

Recent research has suggested a link between multi-member district plurality elections and greater representation of women. Those proposing such a link argue that women may prefer to be candidates in

Women in electoral politics : lessons from Norway

Acknowledgments Introduction Women in Politics in a Comparative Scandinavian Context Factors Related to High Female Political Representation in Norway The Role of the Women's Movement in Norwegian