Gender Inequality in Urban China

  title={Gender Inequality in Urban China},
  author={John G. Bauer and Wang Feng and Nancy E. Riley and Zhao Xiaohua},
  journal={Modern China},
  pages={333 - 370}
The results of the 1987 1% Sample Survey in China revealed that 88% of older women were illiterate but that only 15% of rural females aged 15-19 years were illiterate. In urban areas illiteracy was 29% and 67% among older men and women respectively and 2.3% and 6% among younger men and women. Female primary school enrollment increased from about 30% in the early 1950s to 40-45% in the late 1980s and thereafter. Female high school enrollment increased from 25% to 40%. By the 1980s female… 

Changes in Educational Inequality in China, 1990-2005: Evidence from the Population Census Data

This chapter examines the trend in school enrollment and transitions to senior high school and to college in China for selected young cohorts since the 1990s, based on the analyses of the sample data

An Empirical Study of the Chinese Marriage Market: “Leftover” or Not?

Using census data from 1990 to 2010, this paper describes the trend of the Chinese marriage market focusing on “leftover men” and “leftover women”. In general, it was identified that there was an

Heterogeneity in Contemporary Chinese Marriage

Is universal and early marriage still true in China after decades of dramatic socioeconomic changes? Based on the 2005 Population Survey data, we find that by age 35 to 39 years, almost all women are

International Migration and the Education of Left-Behind Children in Fujian, China

There is consistent evidence that emigration affects the educational opportunity of the left-behind children in a positive way and that the overall school enrollment for boys and girls from emigrant households has been approaching convergence.

Rethinking gender, migration, and power : the emergence of a disciplinary order in contemporary China

Since its implementation in 1958, the household registration system in China has been powerful state institution to determine rural peasants' mobility to urban areas. For more than two decades,

Gender Differences in Education: Are girls neglected in Pakistani Society?

RÉSUMÉ Female education is prerequisite for the rapid growth in the developing countries, however, its influential role has undermined due to outdated social norms, cultural barriers and gender

Gender, Hukou, and the Occupational Attainment of Female Migrants in China (1985–1990)

In this paper, I argue that the occupational attainment of female migrants in China has to be understood in its unique sociocultural and institutional contexts. In addition to the constraints of

The Only Child and Educational Opportunity for Girls in Urban China

Using data from the authors' 1998-99 survey of 1,040 eighth graders in Wuhan, China, this study explores the differences between single-girl and single-boy families with regard to parental



Urbanization in China 1982-87: effects of migration and reclassification.

This report explains that while official figures indicate that between 1982-1987 Chinas urban population more than doubled these facts are somewhat misleading considering that it is not migration but

Female Labor Force Participation in Developing and Developed Countries-Consideration of the Informal Sector

T HE steady increase in the labor force participation of married women in the United States over the last few decades has stimulated considerable interest in the economic analysis of a woman's

Women, the Family, and Peasant Revolution in China

Kay Ann Johnson provides much-needed information about women and gender equality under Communist leadership. She contends that, although the Chinese Communist Party has always ostensibly favored

The New Economic Readjustment Policies: Implications for Chinese Urban Working Women

This paper examines critically a cluster of recent economic policy initiatives in the People's Republic of China known as the New Economic Readjustment Policies, and analyzes their probable impacts

Sexual Stratification: The Other Side of "Growth with Equity" in East Asia

This paper explores changes in womens status in postwar Taiwan with a focus on the perpetuation and even intensification of the traditional system of sexual stratification with rapid economic

Sex Preference, Fertility, and Family Planning in China

A pronounced preference of parents to have male children has been noted in a number of countries, although a desire for a balanced number of sons and daughters is also common (Williamson 1976; Arnold

The Prediction of Occupation Using Multiple Logit Models

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYMENT patterns by race and sex typically has involved construction of indices of relative employment shares for the pertinent race-sex groups in various occupations, given

Revolution postponed: women in contemporary China

TWO Speaking Bitterness: Doing Research in the People's Republic of China 28 THREE Women Workers in the Cities s6 FOUR Women Workers in the Countryside 79 FIVE Being and Becoming a Proper Chinese

Promissory Notes: Women in the Transition to Socialism

Revolutionary socialist movements have held out the promise, in both theory and practice, that women can achieve liberation through their participation in the revolutionary process. But many women in

The Traffic in Women: Notes on the "Political Economy" of Sex

Gayle S. Rubin, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Women’s Studies and Comparative Literature at the University of Michigan, made her first impact on feminist and gender theory in 1975 with the