Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households

@article{Bertrand2013GenderIA,
  title={Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households},
  author={Marianne Bertrand and Emir Kamenica and Jessica Pan},
  journal={Development Economics: Women},
  year={2013}
}
We examine causes and consequences of relative income within households. We show the distribution of the share of income earned by the wife exhibits a sharp drop to the right of 1/2, where the wife's income exceeds the husbands income. We argue that this pattern is best explained by gender identity norms, which induce an aversion to a situation where the wife earns more than her husband. We present evidence that this aversion also impacts marriage formation, the wife's labor force participation… 

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