Gender Differences in the Predictors of Juvenile Delinquency

  title={Gender Differences in the Predictors of Juvenile Delinquency},
  author={Leah E Daigle and Francis T. Cullen and John Paul Wright},
  journal={Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice},
  pages={254 - 286}
At the heart of the gender-specificity debate is the argument that gender-neutral theories cannot adequately explain female delinquency. Instead, it has been asserted that theories should incorporate risk factors that capture females' unique experiences. In this context, the current study uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health to address the generality-specificity debate. The analysis includes variables not only from traditional criminological theories and the… Expand

Tables from this paper

Gender Differences in the Effectiveness of Delinquency Prevention Programs
Empirical research indicates that males are more likely than females to be delinquent, yet it is unclear why this gender gap exists. This uncertainty can impede gender-responsive prevention effortsExpand
Exploring the Gender Differences in Protective Factors
Although males and females rely on different individual protective factors to foster resiliency, the accumulation of protective factors appears to be equally important for males and Female in promoting resiliencies. Expand
A Gendered Model of Lifetime Experiences of Strain
Criminological literature has examined the potential for gendered pathways of offending, while also recognizing the gendered risk for victimization. General strain theory explicitly recognizes thisExpand
Gender Differences in Risk Factors and Mechanisms for Adolescent Offending
From 1985 to 2009, the juvenile justice system processed 86% more offending cases for females, with only a 17% rise in male cases (Puzzanchera et al., 2012), highlighting the urgent need forExpand
Gender Differences in Risk and Promotive Classifications Associated With Adolescent Delinquency
For boys and girls, high-risk, low-promotive individuals were significantly more likely to engage in delinquent behavior than low- risk,High-Promotive cases, suggesting the need to examine risk and promotive factors in combination to account for their shared influences on developmental outcomes for youth. Expand
Gender, Child Maltreatment, and Delinquency
ABSTRACT Prior research and theorizing have suggested that the relationship between child maltreatment and delinquent outcomes is gendered. However, research to date that has sought to test thisExpand
Gender and Serious Youth Victimization: Assessing the Generality of Self-control, Differential Association, and Social Bonding Theories
Abstract Criminologists have long questioned whether theories that have focused on male delinquency are equally applicable to female delinquency, a phenomenon termed “gender generalizability.”Expand
A longitudinal examination of predictors of delinquency: An analysis of data from the Mobile Youth Survey
This study analyzed the relationships among adolescent delinquency, self-worth, peer influence, and family cohesion (i.e., maternal and paternal warmth). The longitudinal analysis identified howExpand
Parenting, Self-Control, and Delinquency
  • Youngoh Jo, Y. Zhang
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2014
Support for cultural invariance of self-control theory is provided but it is suggested that more studies examining gender differences and interaction between gender and race in the theory are required. Expand
Gendered Pathways? Gender, Mediating Factors, and the Gap in Boys’ and Girls’ Substance Use
A gender gap in alcohol and drug use exists but is somewhat smaller than the gender gap in other forms of delinquency. This article extends studies that examine the gender–delinquency relationship toExpand


Explaining the Gender Gap in Delinquency: Peer Influence and Moral Evaluations of Behavior
Gender is one of the strongest correlates of delinquent behavior, but gender differences in delinquency have proven difficult to explain. Some analysts have called for gender-specific theories ofExpand
This article addresses two issues that have received little attention in empirical research-the mechanisms explaining variation in violent delinquency within gender and variation in levels ofExpand
Gender, general strain, and delinquency: An empirical examination
Despite an increase of research on general strain theory (GST), an empirical analysis investigating potential differences between males and females has not been conducted. Here we conduct univariateExpand
Gender, interaction, and delinquency : Testing a theory of differential social control
This paper develops an interactionist explanation of gender differences in the processes leading to juvenile delinquency. Drawing on principles of symbolic interactionism and on research on genderExpand
The Gender Gap in Theories of Deviance: Issues and Evidence
With few exceptions, the development of theories of deviance and delinquency has evolved along gender-specific lines. Mainstream theories have usually been formulated to explain the deviant behaviorExpand
Family Correlates of Male and Female Delinquency
This article examines sex differences in family bonds as a possible explanation of sex differences in self-reported delinquent behavior (SRD) among a national probability sample of 1725 adolescents.Expand
Relational Problems with Peers, Gender, and Delinquency
Although there is some evidence to suggest that classic strain theory is applicable to both male and female delinquency, several theorists have argued that a distinct version of strain theory may beExpand
The Conditional Effects of Stress on Delinquency and Drug Use: A Strain Theory Assessment of Sex Differences
Agnew's reconceptualization of individual-level strain theory has suggested several ways in which stress among adolescents affects delinquent behavior. However, the general stress literature fromExpand
The Influence of Delinquen Peers on Delinquency
Research indicates that gender is one of the strongest correlates of juvenile delinquency. Additionally, a growing body of literature suggests that the association with delinquent peers is anExpand
Contemporary Theories of Deviance and Female Delinquency: an Empirical Test
A statewide sample of Iowa teenagers was used to test two hypotheses: (1) The strength of the relationship between the independent variables of traditional theories of criminal deviance andExpand