Gender Differences in Predictors of Prison Violence: Assessing the Predictive Validity of a Risk Classification System

  title={Gender Differences in Predictors of Prison Violence: Assessing the Predictive Validity of a Risk Classification System},
  author={Miles D. Harer and Neal P. Langan},
  journal={Crime \& Delinquency},
  pages={513 - 536}
Can the same risk classification instrument be used for both female and male prisoners? The authors answer this question using data for federal prisoners by comparing female and male prison violence rates and by comparing the predictive validity of a risk classification instrument used to predict female and male violence. The authors find women commit less violence and less serious violence than men. However, despite these gender differences, they find the same classification instrument… 
Gender Differences in the Determinants of Prison Rule Violations
This article addresses gender differences in the extent and explanation of inmate misconduct. The study employs nationally representative prisoner survey data to assess gender-specific explanations
Establishing Construct and Predictive Validity of the Prison Inmate Inventory for Use With Female Inmates
  • L. Degiorgio
  • Law, Psychology
    International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2015
The validity of the Prison Inmate Inventory for use among female inmates is established and inmate risk (low and severe) predicted expected counts of probation revocations, parole revocation, and escape attempts.
An Exploratory Study of the Characteristics of Men Known to Commit Prisoner-on-Prisoner Sexual Violence
For one state correctional system, 1998 through 2006, 121 perpetrators were compared with 121 nonperpetrators. Sexual abuse victimization as a child, a life sentence, and adult sexual assault
The Prediction of Violence in Adult Offenders
Using 88 studies from 1980 to 2006, a meta-analysis compares risk instruments and other psychological measures on their ability to predict general (primarily nonsexual) violence in adults. Little
Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Recidivism
Risk assessment measures are increasingly used to evaluate offenders charged with intimate partner violence (IPV). Scales currently available for this purpose suffer from two important limitations:
Risk Factors for Violent Behavior in Prison Inmates
A large body of research has focused on indicators of the risk of prison violence, especially in the United States. Little is known about this question in Spain, despite the fact that in 2010, this
The Sources of Violent and Nonviolent Offending among Women in Prison
Abstract This study involved an assessment of the relevance of women’s background characteristics for predicting their offending in prison. Data were collected from over 650 women confined in a large
Correlates of Violence Within Washington State Prisons
The Washington State Department of Corrections indicates that there is a rise in prison violence for both men and women in their facilities. Using unique data on every inmate incarcerated in the
Predictors of self‐reported prison misconduct
Which incoming prisoner characteristics assist in identifying those likely to commit disciplinary infractions? The authors answer this question using data on six categories of self‐reported rule


Data from 58 male institutions in the federal correctional system were used to test for racial differences in both violent and alcohol/drug misconduct, controlling for a large number of individual,
Classification for Female Inmates: Moving Forward
Most state and federal prisons use a single risk-focused classification system to assign female and male inmates to an appropriate security level. Evidence indicates that women pose very little risk
The Validity of Prison Classification: An Introduction to Practical Considerations and Research Issues
Many prison classification systems include risk assessment instruments designed to assign individuals to institutions varying in security features or to levels of supervision differing in staffing
Evaluating a Modified Version of the Federal Prison System's Inmate Classification Model
This study evaluated the objective and predictive value of the Nebraska Department of Corrections' Inmate Classification Model, a variation of the Federal Prison System's Model. A sample of 458 male
Gender and crime: Toward a gendered theory of female offending.
Criminologists agree that the gender gap in crime is universal: Women are always and everywhere less likely than men to commit criminal acts. The experts disagree, however, on a number of key issues:
Classification for Control in Jails and Prisons
Classification systems provide means for maintaining institutional safety and order, for providing inmates protection and services, and for managing and allocating personnel and resources. A
Women Offenders: Programming Needs and Promising Approaches
Discussed in this Brief: Results of an NIJ-sponsored survey of State- level correctional administrators, prison and jail administrators, and program administrators to deter- mine the special needs of
VioLit summary: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research conducted by Visher et al. was to develop a model which predicts the recidivism of youthful offenders. METHODOLOGY: The authors employed a
Return to the Scene of the Punishment: Recidivism of Adult Male Property Offenders on Felony Probation, 1986-1989
Felony probation has become a prominent alternative for overcrowded prisons in the United States. Using a national sample, the results of this felony probation study indicate a recidivism rate of
In the Mix: Struggle and Survival in a Women's Prison
Barbara Owen’s “In the Mix” Struggle and Survival in a Women’s Prison will appeal to anyone with an interest in corrections, gender, and criminality. The book is a descriptive study par excellence.