Gender Differences in Depressive Symptomatology and Egocentrism in Adolescence

  title={Gender Differences in Depressive Symptomatology and Egocentrism in Adolescence},
  author={Kimberly A. Schonert-Reichl},
  journal={The Journal of Early Adolescence},
  pages={49 - 65}
The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences in the relationship between depressive symptomatology and the imaginary audience and personal fable constructs in order to determine the manner in which these indexes of social cognitive development interrelate with depressive symptomatology during the adolescent age period. Sixty-one adolescents, ranging in age from 12 to 17 years, completed the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS), the Elkind Imaginary Audience Scale (IAS… 

Gender Role Characteristics and Depressive Symptomatology among Adolescents

The influence of three gender role related variables-instrumentality, silencing-the-self and ruminating-on depressive symptomatology among 73 adolescents with a mean age of 14.5 years was examined

Sex Role Characteristics and Depressive Symptomatology Among Adolescents

The present study examined the influence of several variables related to sexrole typing--instrumentality, silencing the self, and ruminating response style on selfreported depressive symptomatology

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9 This study investigated the relationship of sex-role attributes, self-perception, and predisposition to depression in early adolescence. 235 students from middle schools in Dade County, Florida

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In this study, we examined the demographic and psychological variables associated with seeking help from parents, friends, and professionals for coping with emotional problems during early and middle

How do adolescents define depression? Links with depressive symptoms, self-recognition of depression, and social and emotional competence

Depression in adolescents is a ubiquitous mental health problem presenting ambiguities, uncertainties, and diverse challenges in its conceptualization, presentation, detection, and treatment. Despite

Gender Differences in Imaginary Audience And Depressive Symptomatology Among College Students

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In the present study, the quality of one's friendship with both same-sex and opposite-sex best friendships in preadolescence and adolescence was examined as having special significance for

A Cross-Cultural Evaluation of Depression in Children in Egypt, Kuwait, and the United States

The English version of the Arabic Children's Depression Inventory, constructed by Abdel-Khalek, was applied to a sample of 535 U.S. students and according to the effect size, female Kuwaiti had a lower mean depression score than either the Egyptian or American groups.

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This study examined the observed and self-attributed personality characteristics associated with depressive symptoms in nondinical adolescents. Eighty-seven 18-year-olds completed the Center for

Egocentrism and Depressive Symptomatology in Adolescents

The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between egocentrism and depressive symptomatology in adolescents. One hundred ninety-four adolescents (108 males, 86 females), ranging

The Many Faces of Adolescent Egocentrism

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Sex-role attributes, perceived competence and the development of depression in adolescence.

  • R. WilsonE. Cairns
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1988
It is argued that a sex difference in masculinity arises prior to adolescence, but interacts with other factors which influence vulnerability to depression during the teenage years, thus bringing about thesex difference in depression.

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An exploratory study of the relationship between parental socialization styles and adolescents' imaginary audience behavior found sex differences were noted, with rejection-control being most important in predicting self-consciousness for boys and physical affect being the best predictor of girls' egocentrism behavior.

Adolescent depression: Why more girls?

The developmental pattern of depressed affect is examined over early and middle adolescence, with a special focus on the patterns of boys as compared to girls, and a developmental model for mental health in adolescence is tested for its power in explaining the emergence of gender differences in depression.

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The theoretical relation between adolescent egocentrism and formal operations was addressed in two studies. In the first study this relation was assessed with the Adolescent Egocentrism Scale (AES)

Adolescent egocentrism-sociocentrism and self-consciousness

Adolescent egocentrism, as expected, correlated positively with self-consciousness even with age controlled, while the self-focus subscale showed a curvilinear relationship with age, while sociocentRism increased and nonsocial focuses declined.