Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society

  title={Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society},
  author={Uri Gneezy and Kenneth L. Leonard and John A. List},
  journal={Microeconomic Theory eJournal},
This study uses a controlled experiment to explore whether there are gender differences in selecting into competitive environments across two distinct societies: the Maasai in Tanzania and the Khasi in India. One unique aspect of these societies is that the Maasai represent a textbook example of a patriarchal society whereas the Khasi are matrilineal. Similar to the extant evidence drawn from experiments executed in Western cultures, Maasai men opt to compete at roughly twice the rate as Maasai… 
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