Gender Differences, Motivation, and Empathic Accuracy: When it Pays to Understand

@article{Klein2001GenderDM,
  title={Gender Differences, Motivation, and Empathic Accuracy: When it Pays to Understand},
  author={Kristi J. K. Klein and Sara D. Hodges},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2001},
  volume={27},
  pages={720 - 730}
}
Two studies of college students investigated the conditions under which women perform better than men on an empathic accuracy task (inferring the thoughts and feelings of a target person). The first study demonstrated that women’s advantage held only when women were given a task assessing their feelings of sympathy toward the target prior to performing the empathic accuracy task. The second study demonstrated that payments in exchange for accuracy improved the performance of both men and women… 

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