Gender, sex hormones, and vascular tone.

  title={Gender, sex hormones, and vascular tone.},
  author={Julia M. Orshal and Raouf Ali Khalil},
  journal={American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology},
  volume={286 2},
The greater incidence of hypertension and coronary artery disease in men and postmenopausal women compared with premenopausal women has been related, in part, to gender differences in vascular tone and possible vascular protective effects of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. However, vascular effects of the male sex hormone testosterone have also been suggested. Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone receptors have been identified in blood vessels of human and other mammals… CONTINUE READING
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