Gender, Sexuality, Body Image and Eating Behaviours

  title={Gender, Sexuality, Body Image and Eating Behaviours},
  author={Mark T Conner and Charlotte Buel Johnson and Sarah Grogan},
  journal={Journal of Health Psychology},
  pages={505 - 515}
One hundred and twenty one participants reported sexual orientation, body mass index, body shape concerns, eating motives and eating styles. Measures of body dissatisfaction were greater in heterosexual women and homosexual men (ps <.05), while heterosexual women had smaller (ps <.001) ideal body shapes. Eating weight control motive was lower in heterosexual men compared to women (ps <.05). Restrained eating was lower in heterosexual men compared to heterosexual women or homosexual men (ps… 

Tables from this paper

Conflicted Gender Identity, Body Dissatisfaction, and Disordered Eating in Adult Men and Women

The relation between gender identity and body dissatisfaction as well as disordered eating was examined in a population-based sample of Finnish adults aged 18 to 44 years (N = 1,142). Participants

Body Image and Sexual Dissatisfaction: Differences Among Heterosexual, Bisexual, and Lesbian Women

Body concerns were found to have less influence on sexual dissatisfaction in lesbian women compared to heterosexual and bisexual women, and whether body dissatisfaction can predict sexual dissatisfaction was quantitatively examined.

The Relationship Between Body Image and Sexual Functioning Among Gay and Bisexual Men

Body image variables were not predictive of sexual desire, however, increased drive for muscularity and lower affective body esteem were predictive of erectile difficulties and negative behavioral body image in sexual situations and evaluative body dissatisfaction were associated with premature ejaculation.

Body image and sexual orientation: The experiences of lesbian and bisexual women

Interpretative phenomenological analysis revealed that participants perceived additional pressure to conform to heteronormative standards of beauty since the normalisation of homosexuality and the increase in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender representation in mainstream media.

Sexuality and Exercise Motivations: Are Gay Men and Heterosexual Women Most Likely to be Motivated by Concern About Weight and Appearance?

This study was designed to investigate the relationship between sexuality and exercise motivations in 93 British bar staff. Participants who self-identified as heterosexual, gay, or lesbian completed

The impact of relationships on the association between sexual orientation and disordered eating in men.

Robust evidence supports that bisexual and gay men have increased eating pathology compared to heterosexual men, and being in a relationship, independent of whether or not the relationship is satisfying, may be a protective factor for restrictive disordered eating in BG men.

The Relationship between Body Image and Sexual Functioning Among Partnered Heterosexual Women

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY IMAGE AND SEXUAL FUNCTIONING AMONG PARTNERED HETEROSEXUAL WOMEN Lindsay Benson Advisor: University of Guelph, 2011 Dr. Robin Milhausen The objective of this thesis was

Disordered Eating in Undergraduates: Does Gender Role Orientation Influence Men and Women the Same Way?

Previous studies have examined the influence of femininity on disordered eating behavior in female undergraduates, but few studies have examined the relation between gender roles and disordered



Body image satisfaction in homosexual and heterosexual women

This study examined the relationship between sexual orientation and eating disorders inwomen using a non-clinical sample of 45 homosexual and 64 heterosexual women, Subjects completed two self-report

Eating Disorder Symptoms and Concerns About Body Differ as a Function of Gender and Sexual Orientation

This investigation studied eating disorder symptoms and psychosocial correlates of eating disorders among heterosexual females, lesbians, heterosexual males, and gay males. The dependent variables of

Sexual orientation and gender as factors in socioculturally acquired vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and eating disorders.

  • M. Siever
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1994
The hypothesis that gay men and heterosexual women are dissatisfied with their bodies and vulnerable to eating disorders because of a shared emphasis on physical attractiveness and thinness that is based on a desire to attract and please men is confirmed.

Gender, sexual orientation, and disordered eating

Abstract While most patients with bulimia nervosa are heterosexual women, a significant number of men with bulimia nervosa are gay males, suggesting that gay men, more than heterosexual men, may be

Role of Sexual Orientation and Gender-Related Traits in Disordered Eating

This study was designed to examine the role of both sexual orientation and gender-related personality traits in disordered eating attitudes and behavior, including body dissatisfaction. Self-report

Body Image Dissatisfaction in Homosexual and Heterosexual Males

Although the current and ideal physiques selected by the homosexual and heterosexual men were almost identical, homosexual men were more likely to desire an underweight ideal and a heightened pursuit of thinness may place homosexual men at an increased risk for developing eating disorders.

Sexual orientation and prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disordered behaviors: a population-based study of adolescents.

OBJECTIVE The hypothesis that homosexual orientation would be associated with higher rates of body dissatisfaction, dieting, and eating disordered behaviors in males, but lower rates in females,

The influence of sexual orientation on body dissatisfaction in adult men and women.

It seems that aspects of the gay community increase vulnerability to body dissatisfaction, yet the values of the lesbian community do not seem to be protective against body dissatisfaction.

A comparison of lesbians, gay men, and heterosexuals on weight and restrained eating.

It is possible that lesbians are as concerned with weight and dieting as are heterosexual women in order to be socially accepted in our society, while men (both gay and heterosexual) have more

Gender and locus of control correlates of body image dissatisfaction

The study concerned sex and various locus of control correlates of body image satisfaction. The results indicated that men and women differ significantly in the degree and in the direction of