Gender, Self-Control, and Crime

@article{Burton1998GenderSA,
  title={Gender, Self-Control, and Crime},
  author={Velmer S. Burton and Francis T. Cullen and Thomas David Evans and Leanne Fiftal Alarid and R. Gregory Dunaway},
  journal={Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency},
  year={1998},
  volume={35},
  pages={123 - 147}
}
This article assesses empirically whether Gottfredson and Hirschi's “general theory” can account for the “gender gap” in crime and, when rival theories are included in the analysis, can explain criminal behavior for both males and females. Based on a sample of 555 adults, the results indicate that the relationship of gender to crime becomes nonsignificant when self-control is introduced into the analysis. Further, when males and females are analyzed separately, self-control is related, albeit… Expand
Age, self-control, and adults' offending behaviors: A research note assessing A general theory of crime
This article examined empirically whether Gottfredson and Hirschi’s (1990) “general theory” explained criminal and imprudent behaviors among a community sample of adults across the age distribution.Expand
Self-Control Theory, Race, and Delinquency
Abstract Although the literature examining Gottfredson and Hirschi's theory is growing, an understudied area of inquiry concerns the role that race plays in the theory. Thus, this study examines theExpand
THE EMPIRICAL STATUS OF GOTTFREDSON AND HIRSCHI'S GENERAL THEORY OF CRIME: A META‐ANALYSIS
To determine the empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) “general theory of crime,” we conducted a meta-analysis on existing empirical studies. The results indicate that, regardless ofExpand
Gender and Crime among Felony Offenders: Assessing the Generality of Social Control and Differential Association Theories
Although often tested empirically on high school samples, differential association and social control theories have only infrequently been used to explain offending by felons. Based on a sample ofExpand
Gender and Crime: A General Strain Theory Perspective
This study applies Agnew's general strain theory (GST) to two fundamental questions about gender and crime: (1) How can we explain the higher rate of crime among males? (2) How can we explain whyExpand
Integrating the general theory of crime into an explanation of violent victimization among female offenders
In 1999, Schreck extended Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) self-control theory to explain victimization and the victim-offender overlap. His analysis of college students revealed that lowExpand
PERSONALITY, GENDER, AND SELF-CONTROL THEORY REVISITED: RESULTS FROM A SAMPLE OF INSTITUTIONALIZED JUVENILE DELINQUENTS
Two empirically unresolved areas of study of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s (1990) self-control theory are personality and gender. The theory states that personality is unrelated to self-control andExpand
Gender, Age, and Crime/Deviance: A Challenge to Self-Control Theory
Focusing on gender and age variations and using various measures of self-control and of crime/deviance, the authors' provide additional evidence concerning the strongest implications of self-controlExpand
SELF‐CONTROL, CRIMINAL MOTIVATION AND DETERRENCE: AN INVESTIGATION USING RUSSIAN RESPONDENTS
With data from respondents in Nizhni Novgorod, Russia, we address the generality of self-control theory. We also assess two hypotheses. The first focuses on the attractiveness of criminal acts, thatExpand
Illicit Sexual Behavior: A Test of Self-Control Theory
Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) contend that all deviance is subsumed under self-control theory and that individuals who commit any one deviant act will tend to commit other deviant acts as well. ThisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 83 REFERENCES
Drinking and Driving, Self-Control, and Gender: Testing a General Theory of Crime
Recently, Gottfredson and Hirschi proposed a general theory of crime. Central to the theory is the assumption that most criminal behavior is impulsive and reflects a lack of self-control. ThusExpand
Self‐control and juvenile delinquency: Theoretical issues and an empirical assessment of selected elements of a general theory of crime
Social control theory has been one of the most influential explanations of crime and delinquency for many years. Gottfredson and Hirschi propose a new general theory of crime that includes individualExpand
Testing the Core Empirical Implications of Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime
In A General Theory of Crime, Gottfredson and Hirschi propose that low self-control, in interaction with criminal opportunity, is the major cause of crime. The research reported in this articleExpand
Social control, gender, and delinquency: An analysis of drug, property and violent offenders
This paper is an empirical examination of social control theory as set forth by Travis Hirschi (1969). The analysis focused on the applicability of the theory for both males and females, as well asExpand
TESTING THE NEXUS: CRIME, GENDER, AND UNEMPLOYMENT
Endeavours to connect unemployment with crime, to date, have displayed a clear bias: consistently, it has been assumed that the subject is male. This paper argues the sexism of both empirical andExpand
THE SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF SELF-CONTROL: TESTING THE GENERAL THEORY OF CRIME*
Gottfredson and Hirschi's recently introduced general theory of crime has received considerable empirical support. Researchers have found that low self-control, the general theory's core concept, isExpand
Enduring individual differences and rational choice theories of crime
In explaining crime, some criminological theories emphasize time-stable individual differences in propensity to offend while others emphasize more proximate and situational factors. Using scenarioExpand
Reconsidering strain theory: Operationalization, rival theories, and adult criminality
Recently a revisionist view of strain theory's empirical adequacy has emerged which holds that the theory's explanatory power depends on how it is operationalized. With an adult community sample, weExpand
Opportunity, Choice, and Criminal Victimization: A Test of a Theoretical Model
The present article examines the key concepts underlying victimization theories (i.e., exposure, proximity, target attractiveness, guardianship). Measures of each concept are developed and evaluatedExpand
Low self-control and imprudent behavior
Gottfredson and Hirschi'sA General Theory of Crime contends that individual differences in involvement in criminal and analogous behavior are due largely to individual differences in the personalityExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...