Gender, Politics, and Radioactivity Research in Interwar Vienna

  title={Gender, Politics, and Radioactivity Research in Interwar Vienna},
  author={Maria Rentetzi},
  pages={359 - 393}
This essay explores the significance of political and ideological context as well as experimental culture for the participation of women in radioactivity research. It argues that the politics of Red Vienna and the culture of radioactivity research specific to the Viennese setting encouraged exceptional gender politics within the Institute for Radium Research in the interwar years. The essay further attempts to provide an alternative approach to narratives that concentrate on personal… 
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Although the party was technically illegal after 1933, the Nazis in fact faced few difficulties
    For her work with Przibram see Kara-Michailova and Karl Przibram
    • Ü ber die Messung der relativen Helligheit von Szintillationen
    • 1920
    37), p. 159; on Ortner and Stetter see Karlik to H. Pettersson
    • Stetter was a member of the commission that met in May 1938 to consider the restructuring of physics in Vienna; see Galison, Image and Logic
    On Meyer's retirement see Reiter
    • Festschrift des Institutes für Radiumforschung Anlässlich seines 40jährigen Bestandes
    • 1910
    Marietta Blau: Discoverer of the Cosmic Ray Stars
    • Gender, Identity, and Community: Jewish University Women in Germany and Austria
    • 1918
    For biographical information see Elisabeth Kara-Michailova, Rigorosenakt, no. 5215, UW archives; and Snezha Tsoneva-Mathewson, Marelene Rayner-Canham, and Geoffrey Rayner-Canham
    • Ü ber die maximale Reichweite der von Radium C ausgeschleuderten Partikeln
    Report to the International Education Board (cit. n. 1). See also, more generally, Clinton Chaloner
    • British Journal for the History of Science
    • 1997
    Karlik file, Mitarbeiten/Assistenten, Ö AW archives. Regarding her father's support see Kara-Michailova to Meyer