Gender, Candidate Portrayals and Election Campaigns: A Comparative Perspective

  title={Gender, Candidate Portrayals and Election Campaigns: A Comparative Perspective},
  author={Miki Caul Kittilson and Kim Fridkin},
  journal={Politics \& Gender},
  pages={371 - 392}
In the United States, research suggests that men and women candidates are covered differently by the press. However, few studies compare press coverage of candidates cross-nationally. Systematic comparison of newspaper coverage of male and female candidates during election campaigns in Australia, Canada, and the United States may help illuminate the conditions that exacerbate or dampen gender differences in candidate portrayals. Given the sharp focus on candidates in American campaigns and the… Expand
Women on the Run: Gender, Media, and Political Campaigns in a Polarized Era
Claims of bias against female candidates abound in American politics. From superficial media coverage to gender stereotypes held by voters, the conventional wisdom is that women routinely encounter aExpand
A Non-Gendered Lens? Media, Voters, and Female Candidates in Contemporary Congressional Elections
Much research in the study of U.S. politics has argued that female candidates for elected office are treated differently—and often worse—than male candidates in the press and by the public. AlthoughExpand
The Media’s War on Women: Gendered Coverage of Female Candidates*
Media coverage has notoriously and historically treated women different than men. Despite major shifts in the way that society views a woman’s role in the public sphere, the media continues to treatExpand
Invisible Women? Comparing Candidates’ News Coverage in Europe
Past studies, largely based on the United States, have argued that differential coverage of men and women candidates could explain the lack of women in elected political office. We investigate,Expand
Gender Stereotypes and Election Coverage in South Korea
We explore how Korean media describe male and female politicians in high-profile elections. In western societies, there are competing views regarding media coverage of male and female politicians.Expand
Where Are All of the Women? Untangling the Effects of Representation, Participation, and Preferences on Gender Differences in Political Press Coverage
The author examines why female politicians continue to be underrepresented in the press by measuring how structural inequalities, engagement in traditional and disruptive dialogue, and genderExpand
Intersectionality and Press Coverage of Political Campaigns
Internationally, scholars have raised substantial concerns regarding unfavorable news coverage of female political candidates and representatives. However, prior research has scarcely considered theExpand
More Than Just Gender: Exploring Contextual Influences on Media Bias of Political Candidates
Gender bias in the media coverage of political elections has long been theorized as a major obstacle to women’s success in elections and their institutional representation. However, this view ofExpand
Gender bias in media coverage of election campaigns
We study gender bias in media coverage of candidates during election campaigns. Our analysis focuses on the 2015 Swiss national elections and relies on an almost comprehensive sample of print andExpand
Mixed Signals? Gender and the Media's Coverage of the 2008 Vice Presidential Candidates
The 2008 presidential election was one of the most watched campaigns in American history, and prominently featured the vice presidential candidates, Governor Sarah Palin and Senator Joseph Biden.Expand


Framing the Fight
The few research studies that explore the media's portrayal of female candidates in comparison to male candidates have been limited to general election campaigns and usually to one level of office.Expand
Candidate gender and assessments of senate candidates
This research examines whether evidence of gender stereotypes is present in citizens' evaluations of candidates for the United States Senate. I analyze citizens' likes and dislikes toward male andExpand
Women Candidates and the Media: 1992-2000 Elections
Studies examining newspaper coverage of gubernatorial and senatorial candidates running in the 1980s found women to be at a disadvantage compared to men. Although women are still underrepresented asExpand
By covering male and female candidates differently, the news media may influence the success of female candidates for public office. A content analysis was conducted to assess potentially importantExpand
Do Women Candidates Play to Gender Stereotypes? Do Men Candidates Play to Women? Candidate Sex and Issues Priorities on Campaign Websites
While previous research indicates that voters hold gender-based stereotypes of women and men candidates for elected office, the degree to which candidate actions contribute to these views is lessExpand
Does Gender Make a Difference? An Experimental Examination of Sex Stereotypes and Press Patterns in Statewide Campaigns
Do gender differences in news coverage and the candidates' sex influence people's perceptions of gubernatorial and senatorial candidates? To investigate this question, I conducted a series ofExpand
Party Elites and Women Candidates: The Shape of Bias
ABSTRACT Using a four state survey of party county chairs and locally elected women, this study finds support for the notion that potential women candidates are subject to bias in recruitment thatExpand
The Political Consequences of Being a Woman: How Stereotypes Influence the Conduct and Consequences of Political Campaigns
1. Introduction2. Stereotypes in Statewide Campaigns3. Gender Differences in Campaign Appeals for the U.S. Senate4. Differences in Campaign Coverage: An Examination of U.S. Senate Races5. The ImpactExpand
Gender as a Factor in the Attribution of Leadership Traits
The candidate evaluation literature has emphasized the contribution of both candidate characteristics and voter characteristics (e.g., party identification) to candidate appraisals. But theExpand
Women's and Men's Campaigns for the U.S. House of Representatives
Widely proclaimed as the "Year of the Woman," 1992 resulted in the election of more women members of Congress than any other election in U.S. history. Using campaign data collected from a survey ofExpand