Geckos are milking honeydew-producing planthoppers in Madagascar

  title={Geckos are milking honeydew-producing planthoppers in Madagascar},
  author={Markus F{\"o}lling and Christoph Knogge and Wolfgang B{\"o}hme},
  journal={Journal of Natural History},
  pages={279 - 284}
In this paper we describe for the first time an extraordinary example of an interspecific trophobiotic relation between reptiles and planthoppers in Madagascar. Day gecko species of the genera Phelsuma and Lygodactylus as well as the nocturnal gecko Homopholis sakalava (Grandidier, 1867) show a particular behaviour that induces planthoppers of the family Flatidae to excrete a drop of honeydew in the course of an interspecific key stimulus reaction. Similar behaviour patterns are well known… 

Novel trophobiotic interactions in lantern bugs (Insecta: Auchenorrhyncha: Fulgoridae)

A widespread occurrence of direct feeding on lantern bugs' honeydew by other organisms, including snails, is document, to this knowledge, the first case of gastropod–insect trophobiosis.

Feeding Behavior on Tree Sap and Planthopper-derived Honeydew by a Fish-scale Gecko (Geckolepis sp.) in a Dry Forest of Madagascar

Abstract: Although most geckos are carnivorous, a number of examples of occasional observations on plant consumption have been reported in recent years. Moreover, previous research has reported that

Diet of the endemic Malagasy day gecko Phelsuma modesta leiogaster Mertens, 1970 in an urban environment

It is suggested that the specialisation on sugary foods may permit some species to adapt to urban environments where the availability of such food sources may be artificially high.

Nectar feeding by the day gecko Phelsuma mutabilis (Squamata: Gekkonidae) on the mangrove tree Sonneratia alba (Lythraceae) in southwest Madagascar

An observation of a novel interaction between a gecko adapted to sub-arid environments and a mangrove tree is presented.

Seasonality in gum and honeydew feeding in gray mouse lemurs

This study studied gray mouse lemurs in the dry deciduous ­forest of the Ankarafantsika National Park in northwestern Madagascar to investigate the relative consumption of gum and hemipteran honeydew, a sap-derived product, and to assess respective foraging strategies in a highly seasonal and quite predictable environment.

Invasive wasps, not birds, dominate in a temperate honeydew system

The Avian Convergence Hypothesis could be restated to explicitly include both nectar availability and invasive social insects as both are likely to influence bird use of honeydew.

The influence of habitat type and structure on the abundance of Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis (Gekkoninae) in northern Madagascar.

It is concluded that high structural diversity is not important for this species, and abundance is positively influenced by higher numbers of trees (perch sites and associated cover) and increases in food resources within orchard habitats.

Evolution of the planthoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea).

Phloem-sap feeding by animals: problems and solutions.

  • A. Douglas
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of experimental botany
  • 2006
Honeydew is physiologically less extreme than phloem sap, with a higher essential:non-essential amino acid ratio and lower osmotic pressure, but ant species strongly dependent on honeydew as food may benefit from nutrients derived from their symbiotic bacteria Blochmannia.

Catching Flies With Honey(dew): Adult Marsh Flies (Diptera: Sciomyzidae) Utilize Sugary Secretions for High-Carbohydrate Diets

Examining the dietary range and preference of adult marsh fly species suggested that marsh flies may naturally maintain a carbohydrate-rich diet, and honeydew may play an important role in adult marshFly diet.



Insect secretions determine habitat use patterns by a female lesser mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus)

The lesser mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) is one of six sympatric nocturnal primates found in the Kirindy forest, west‐Madagascar, reported to consume a secretion produced during the austral winter by the Homopteran insect Flatidia coccinea.

The Coevolutionary Process

Thompson demonstrates how an integrated study of life histories, genetics and the geographic structure of populations yields a broader understanding of coevolution, or the development of reciprocal adaptations and specializations in interdependent species.

Ecological Methods: With Particular Reference to the Study of Insect Populations

Ecological methods : with particular reference to the study of insect populations, Ecological methods for estimating insect populations using probabilistic methods.


  • H. Howe
  • Psychology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1984
Book, as a source that may involve the facts, opinion, literature, religion, and many others are the great friends to join with, as an amazing reference becomes what you need to get.

Observational study of behavior: sampling methods.

Seven major types of sampling for observational studies of social behavior have been found in the literature and the major strengths and weaknesses of each method are pointed out.

3 – Ecology and Social Life of Phaner furcifer

Ecology and economy of a tropical dry forest in Madagascar

  • M. Coe
  • Environmental Science
  • 1998