Gazelle behaviour and human presence at early Neolithic Göbekli Tepe, south-east Anatolia

  title={Gazelle behaviour and human presence at early Neolithic G{\"o}bekli Tepe, south-east Anatolia},
  author={Caroline Lang and Joris Peters and Nadja P{\"o}llath and Klaus Schmidt and Gisela Grupe},
  journal={World Archaeology},
  pages={410 - 429}
With its impressive megalithic architecture dating to the tenth to ninth millennium cal. bc, the site of Göbekli Tepe (south-east Anatolia) is singular in the cultural history of mankind. Excavations at this ritual centre produced a rich archaeofaunal assemblage dominated by skeletal remains of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa). In order to trace relevant features of this species' behaviour in early Neolithic times relating to its dietary demands, catchment area and annual round… 

The Seasonal Mobility of Prehistoric Gazelle Herds in the Azraq Basin, Jordan: Modelling Alternative Strategies Using Stable Isotopes

ABSTRACT The hunting of Gazella subgutturosa was a dominant practice for Epipalaeolithic and early Neolithic hunter–gatherers in the east Jordan steppe. The seasonal mobility of this taxon in the

Farewell to the ‘childhood of man’: ritual, seasonality, and the origins of inequality

Evidence of grand burials and monumental construction is a striking feature in the archaeological record of the Upper Palaeolithic period, between 40 and 10 kya (thousand years ago). Archaeologists

Subsistence and Society in Prehistory

Over the last thirty years, new scientific techniques have revolutionised our understanding of prehistoric economies. They enable a sound comprehension of human diet and subsistence in different

1 Farewell to the “ Childhood of Man ” : ritual , seasonality , and the origins of inequality 1

Evidence of grand burials and monumental construction is a striking feature in the archaeological record of the Upper Palaeolithic period, between forty and ten thousand years ago. Archaeologists

Adaptions in subsistence strategy to environment changes across the Younger Dryas - Early Holocene boundary at Körtiktepe, Southeastern Turkey

The site of Körtiktepe in southeastern Turkey is one of few sites in the Upper Mesopotamia basin that attests continuous, permanent occupation across the boundary from end of the colder, drier

Fierce lions, angry mice and fat-tailed sheep: Animal encounters in the ancient Near East

A probable model of the fauna of northern Mesopotamia in the fourth and third millennia, based on a predictive paleo-ecological analysis, is used to evaluate the descriptive value of the iconographic

Ancient DNA from a 2700-year-old goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) supports gazelle hunting in Iron Age Central Asia

The genetic identification of a goitered gazelle specimen (Gazella subgutturosa) at the site Gazimulla-Tepa, in modern-day Uzbekistan, is presented, confirming hunting of the species in the region during the Iron Age.

A zooarchaeological approach to understanding desert kites

Kites have often been interpreted as traps built for hunting purposes. This is based on ethnographic parallels, and recurrent references of the habitat range of animals and possible migration routes.

Connecting protected areas in the North Mesopotamian steppes: can this ensure the survival of the Arabian Sand Gazelle (Gazella marica)?

The Arabian Sand Gazelle (Gazella marica Thomas, 1897) is endemic to the Middle East and its populations in South-eastern Anatolia in Turkey are in danger of extinction. Here, we focus on its



The role of cult and feasting in the emergence of Neolithic communities. New evidence from Göbekli Tepe, south-eastern Turkey

Göbekli Tepe is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of modern times, pushing back the origins of monumentality beyond the emergence of agriculture. We are pleased to present a

Archaeometry meets archaeozoology: Viking Haithabu and medieval Schleswig reconsidered

  • C. BeckerG. Grupe
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  • 2012
An attempt is made to synthesize archaeozoological and archaeometrical data on a larger scale and raises questions concerning not only palaeobiodiversity and palaeoecology of fish and birds in the area, trophic webs, and prey/predator relationships, but also human meat-provisioning, import of animals and animal products, and the reconstruction of hunting areas.

Gazelle (Gazella spp.) behavioural ecology: predicting animal behaviour for prehistoric environments in south‐west Asia

It is suggested that behavioural ecology – which stresses adaptation – provides a fruitful approach for predicting ethological details of past wild animal populations and the value of such an approach for zooarchaeological interpretation is demonstrated.

Early Holocene cultivation before domestication in northern Syria

Charred plant remains from the sites of Tell Qaramel, Jerf el Ahmar, Dja’de and Tell ‘Abr situated in northern Syria and dated to the tenth and ninth millennia cal b.c. demonstrate that a wide

Communal Hunting in the Natufian of the Southern Levant: The Social and Economic Implications

The Natufian culture of Palestine has been seen as an important state in the progression from hunting and gathering to food production. Henry (1875) first suggested that the Natufians used traps or

Prehistoric Economy in the Mount Carmel Area of Palestine: Site Catchment Analysis

This study is concerned with the exploitation of resources by human groups in the Carmel area over a period of about 50,000 years. To this end an attempt is made to evaluate the changing economic

Strontium Isotopes from the Earth to the Archaeological Skeleton: A Review

Strontium isotope analysis of archaeological skeletons has provided useful and exciting results in archaeology in the last 20 years, particularly by characterizing past human migration and mobility.

The Characterization of Biologically Available Strontium Isotope Ratios for the Study of Prehistoric Migration

Strontium isotope analysis of bone and tooth enamel from prehistoric human skeletons is an important new technique used to address questions regarding migration. Two problems arise in such

The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia

Introduction, David Harris. Part 1 Thematic perspectives: growing plants and raising animals - an anthropological perspective on domestication, Tim Ingold ecology, evolutionary theory and