Gay Xhosa men’s experiences of ulwaluko (traditional male initiation)

  title={Gay Xhosa men’s experiences of ulwaluko (traditional male initiation)},
  author={Anathi Ntozini and Hlonelwa Ngqangweni},
  booktitle={Culture, health & sexuality},
This paper explores the lives of gay men undergoing traditional initiation in the Eastern Cape. Nine participants aged between 18 and 26 reported their reasons for becoming traditionally circumcised, which included personal validation of cultural manhood, the desire to conform to societal norms and expectations, and pressure from family members to 'convert' them to heterosexuality. While homosexuality remains a target for vilification and abuse both in Southern Africa and across the African… CONTINUE READING