Gauged Duality, Conformal Symmetry and Spacetime with Two Timesa


We construct a duality between several simple physical systems by showing that they are different aspects of the same quantum theory. Examples include the free relativistic massless particle and the hydrogen atom in any number of dimensions. The key is the gauging of the Sp(2) duality symmetry that treats position and momentum (x, p) as a doublet in phase space. As a consequence of the gauging, the Minkowski space-time vectors x, p get enlarged by one additional space-like and one additional time-like dimensions to (x , p). A manifest global symmetry SO(d, 2) rotates (x , p) like (d+ 2) dimensional vectors. The SO(d, 2) symmetry of the parent theory may be interpreted as the familiar conformal symmetry of quantum field theory in Minkowski spacetime in one gauge, or as the dynamical symmetry of a totally different physical system in another gauge. Thanks to the gauge symmetry, the theory permits various choices of “time” which correspond to different looking Hamiltonians, while avoiding ghosts. Thus we demonstrate that there is a physical role for a spacetime with two times when taken together with a gauged duality symmetry that produces appropriate constraints. a Research partially supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG03-84ER40168, and by the National Research Council under grant number GAC021197. b Permanent address: Landau Institute, Moscow.

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Bars1998GaugedDC, title={Gauged Duality, Conformal Symmetry and Spacetime with Two Timesa}, author={Itzhak Bars and Cemsinan Deliduman and O . V . Andreev}, year={1998} }