Gauge-invariant condensation in the nonequilibrium quark-gluon plasma

  title={Gauge-invariant condensation in the nonequilibrium quark-gluon plasma},
  author={J urgen Berges and Kirill Boguslavski and Mark Mace and Jan M. Pawlowski},
  journal={Physical Review D},
The large density of gluons, which is present shortly after a nuclear collision at very high energies, can lead to the formation of a condensate. We identify a gauge-invariant order parameter for condensation based on elementary nonperturbative excitations of the plasma, which are described by spatial Wilson loops. Using real-time lattice simulations, we demonstrate that a self-similar transport process towards low momenta builds up a macroscopic zero mode. Our findings reveal intriguing… Expand

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