Gastrointestinal Complaints During Exercise: Prevalence, Etiology, and Nutritional Recommendations

@article{deOliveira2014GastrointestinalCD,
  title={Gastrointestinal Complaints During Exercise: Prevalence, Etiology, and Nutritional Recommendations},
  author={Erick P. de Oliveira and Roberto Carlos Burini and Asker E. Jeukendrup},
  journal={Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.z.)},
  year={2014},
  volume={44},
  pages={79 - 85}
}
Gastrointestinal problems are common, especially in endurance athletes, and often impair performance or subsequent recovery. Generally, studies suggest that 30–50 % of athletes experience such complaints. Most gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise are mild and of no risk to health, but hemorrhagic gastritis, hematochezia, and ischemic bowel can present serious medical challenges. Three main causes of gastrointestinal symptoms have been identified, and these are either physiological… 

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