Gas Emission of Palm Oil Waste Bricks During Firing Process at Different Heating Rates

  title={Gas Emission of Palm Oil Waste Bricks During Firing Process at Different Heating Rates},
  author={Noor Amira Sarani and Aeslina Abdul Kadir and Hamidah Othman},
  journal={International Journal of Engineering \& Technology},
The demand for brick materials is expected to increase rapidly. However, pollutant emission during the firing process becomes a threat to the human and environment. Therefore, this study is focusing on the release of pollutant gasses during firing manufactured bricks. The bricks were incorporated with 5% of palm oil waste (palm kernel shell and empty fruit bunches) and fired at different heating rates: 1°C/min, 3°C/min and 5°C/min. All samples were fired until it reached 1050°C and retained for… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper


Effect of heating rate on gas emissions and properties of fired clay bricks and fired clay bricks incorporated with cigarette butts
Abstract In general, the firing process of clay bricks generates a range of gas emissions into the atmosphere. At high concentrations, these volatile emissions can be a serious source ofExpand
Fuel savings and carbon dioxide emission reduction in a fired clay bricks production plant using olive oil wastes: A simulation study
Abstract Olive oil production is a major food industry especially in Mediterranean countries. Considering that only 20% of olive fruits is oil, the remaining material constitutes currently a wasteExpand
Study on Fired Clay Bricks by Replacing Clay with Palm Oil Waste: Effects on Physical and Mechanical Properties
Palm oil is one of the major agricultural industries in Malaysia. Due to the poor management system, the discarded palm oil waste has always been linked to the environment issues. During processingExpand
Gaseous emissions from ceramics manufactured with urban sewage sludge during firing processes.
Volatile organic compounds (VOC) emission from the manufacturing of ceramics is the most important aspect to control and this paper presents VOC emissions coming from the firing step of the Ecobrick production. Expand
Quantification of atmospheric emissions and energy metrics from simulated clamp kiln technology in the clay brick industry.
Energy analysis indicate that a significant reduction of 0.9 MJ/kg (36%) in energy use could be achieved by clamp kiln operators, thereby reducing input costs, and significantly reducing atmospheric emissions. Expand
Brick kilns: Cause of Atmospheric Pollution
This is the first type of study that has been undertaken where mushrooming of brick kilns (more than 15 brick kilns just in 2 km diameter) is deteriorating the air quality. Although industrializationExpand
A practical proposal for solving the world's cigarette butt problem: Recycling in fired clay bricks.
Bricks were shown to be a viable solution for the disposal ofCBs and can reduce contamination caused by cigarette butts and provide a masonry construction material that can be either loadbearing or non-loadbearing, depending on the quantity of CBs incorporated. Expand
Environmental Properties of Fly Ash Bricks
Research conducted at Freight Pipeline Company (FPC) sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) has found that fly ash bricks made by compacting Class C fly ash have excellent structuralExpand
The Oil Palm Wastes in Malaysia
Oil palm is the most important product from Malaysia that has helped to change the scenario of it’s agriculture and economy. Lignocellulosic biomass which is produced from the oil palm industriesExpand
Chemical and Thermodynamic Processes in Clay Brick Firing Technologies and Associated Atmospheric Emissions Metrics-A Review
Atmospheric emissions arising from brick manufacturing installations are a significant source of atmospheric pollution globally. Brick kiln input and firing variables, chemical reactions andExpand