Gang-brooding in Northern Bobwhites in West Texas

  title={Gang-brooding in Northern Bobwhites in West Texas},
  author={J. L. Brooks and Dale Rollins},
Abstract We report the occurrence of gang-brooding (i.e., communal brood-rearing) in a population of Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) in western Texas. Combinations of adult quail (2 mated pairs, 2 males, and 2 females) were observed with broods on several occasions. During the two-year study (2003–2004), communal broods were documented only in summer 2003. 

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