Gamma-ray bursts and X-ray melting of material as a potential source of chondrules and planets

@article{Duggan2004GammarayBA,
  title={Gamma-ray bursts and X-ray melting of material as a potential source of chondrules and planets},
  author={Paul Duggan and B.McBreen and Athol J. Carr and S.McBreen and Elaine M. Winston and Lorraine Hanlon and Leo Metcalfe},
  journal={arXiv: Astrophysics},
  year={2004}
}
The intense radiation from a gamma-ray burst (GRB) is shown to be capable of melting stony material at distances up to 300 light years which subsequently cool to form chondrules. These conditions were created in the laboratory for the first time when millimeter sized pellets were placed in a vacuum chamber in the white synchrotron beam at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). The pellets were rapidly heated in the X-ray and gamma-ray furnace to above 1400 C melted and cooled. This… 

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