author={Leslie A. Howe},
  journal={The British Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  pages={172 - 172}
  • L. Howe
  • Published 1 October 1974
  • Education
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy
“What are you prepared to do to win?” This is a question that any serious competitor will at one time or another have to consider. The answer that one is inclined to make, I shall argue, is revealing of the deeper character of the individual participant in sport as both physical competitor and moral person. To that end, I examine one of the classic responses to the question, gamesmanship, which can be characterized as an attempt to win one game by playing another. I contend that gamesmanship is… 

Gamesmanship as strategic excellence

ABSTRACT Contributors to the literature on gamesmanship typically assume that gamesmanship can be clearly distinguished from other legal strategies used in sports. In this article, we argue that this

What counts as part of a game? Reconsidering skills

Abstract The first goal of this paper is to reply to a number of criticisms levied by Gunnar Breivik and Robert L. Simon against an account of sporting skills I published almost 20 years ago in which

Gamesmanship in Professional Darts: A Response to Leota, Turp and Howe

ABSTRACT This paper evaluates Howe and Leota/Turp's accounts of gamesmanship by examining case studies of gamesmanship from professional darts. While Leota and Turp make some substantial improvements

A Study on the Conceptual Ambiguity of Cheating in Sport

  • S. Park
  • Education
    Korean Journal of Sport Science
  • 2021
PURPOSE This study aims to show that the ground for moral condemnation for an act, including cheating, is too vague and ambiguous in sports. Further, in sports, such condemnation and moral assessment

More than Bullshit: Trash Talk and Other Psychological Tests of Sporting Excellence

ABSTRACT Sporting excellence is a function of physical, cognitive and psychological capacities: its standard requires demonstration of superlative physical and strategic skills and the performance of

Sportsmanship, Gamesmanship, and the Implications for Coach Education

This article analyzes the responses of hundreds of future coaches from an introductory coaching course regarding the appropriateness of player and coach behaviors in various athletic scenarios. The

Carl Schmitt, sportspersonship, and the Ius Publicum Ludis

ABSTRACT In this paper, I argue that sportspersonship is a means of performing fundamental sociality; it is about the conversion of a foe (inimicus) into an enemy (hostis). Drawing on Carl Schmitt’s

The puzzle of competitive fairness

  • O. Suttle
  • Economics
    Politics, Philosophy & Economics
  • 2022
There is a sense of fairness that is distinctive of markets. This is fairness among economic competitors, competitive fairness. We regularly make judgments of competitive fairness about market

Sport as meaningful narratives

Abstract Though many scholars have made claims as to the nature of sport, this article argues that these claims tend to narrowly focus on modern ideas derived primarily from Western competitive

The mind games have already started: An in-depth examination of trash talking in Counter-Strike: Global Offensive esports using practice theory

Trash talking is a contentious and prevalent practice in traditional sports but few studies have examined its practice in esports ‐ a computer-mediated form of sports competition in videogaming. This



Sportsmanship as a Moral Category

SPORTSMANSHIP, long and inexplicably ignored by philosophers IL and theologians, has always pretended to a certain moral relevancy, although its precise place among the moral virtues has been

The Ethics of Competition

  • C. Ayres
  • Art
    The International Journal of Ethics
  • 1936
w-T HIS volume of essays' was prepared for publication by a group of Professor Knight's students at the University of Chicago. As they are careful to say, he had no hand in it. Indeed, I could well


(1975). SOME REFLECTIONS ON SUCCESS AND FAILURE IN COMPETITIVE ATHLETICS. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport: Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 133-139.

The Theory and Practice of Gamesmanship

  • London: Rupert HartDavis,
  • 1947