Gallstone disease: Primary and secondary prevention.

  title={Gallstone disease: Primary and secondary prevention.},
  author={Niels Gerard Venneman and Karel Johannes van Erpecum},
  journal={Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology},
  volume={20 6},
Several risk factors for cholesterol gallstone formation in the general population have been identified. There is a strongly increased risk of gallstone disease during prolonged fasting, rapid weight loss, total parenteral nutrition, and somatostatin(-analogue) treatment. The annual risk of biliary colic and gallstone complications in asymptomatic gallstone carriers has been investigated sparsely. In asymptomatic and symptomatic gallstone carriers, treatment with the hydrophilic bile salt… CONTINUE READING
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