Galileo magnetometer measurements: a stronger case for a subsurface ocean at Europa.

@article{Kivelson2000GalileoMM,
  title={Galileo magnetometer measurements: a stronger case for a subsurface ocean at Europa.},
  author={Margaret G Kivelson and Krishan K Khurana and Christopher T Russell and M Volwerk and Richard J Walker and Christophe Zimmer},
  journal={Science},
  year={2000},
  volume={289 5483},
  pages={
          1340-3
        }
}
On 3 January 2000, the Galileo spacecraft passed close to Europa when it was located far south of Jupiter's magnetic equator in a region where the radial component of the magnetospheric magnetic field points inward toward Jupiter. This pass with a previously unexamined orientation of the external forcing field distinguished between an induced and a permanent magnetic dipole moment model of Europa's internal field. The Galileo magnetometer measured changes in the magnetic field predicted if a… CONTINUE READING

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