Gait impairments in Parkinson's disease

@article{Mirelman2019GaitII,
  title={Gait impairments in Parkinson's disease},
  author={Anat Mirelman and Paolo Bonato and Richard Camicioli and Terry D. Ellis and Nir Giladi and Jamie L. Hamilton and Chris J. Hass and Jeffrey M. Hausdorff and Elisa Pelosin and Quincy J. Almeida},
  journal={The Lancet Neurology},
  year={2019},
  volume={18},
  pages={697-708}
}

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TLDR
A review that encompasses pathophysiological changes involved in axial motor impairments in Parkinson’s disease, pharmacological approaches, exercise, and physical therapy, improving physical activity levels, invasive and non-invasive neurostimulation, cueing interventions and wearable technology, and cognitive interventions is provided.

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TLDR
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TLDR
The findings support the use of factor scores and of the model with respect to the single variables in gait staging in PD and help to evaluate if factors highlight gait differences between pwPD and healthy subjects (HS) and do it at earlier stages of disease compared to single variables.

Atypical Gait Cycles in Parkinson’s Disease

TLDR
Atypical cycles have proved to be a valid biomarker to quantify subtle gait dysfunctions in PD patients and a strong correlation between the atypical cycles and the motor clinical score UPDRS-III was found.

Gait Abnormalities in Parkinson's Disease Are Associated with Extracellular Free-Water in the Substantia Nigra.

TLDR
Gait rhythmic alterations associated positively with the free-water content in the right substantia nigra in PD, indicating that patients with more severe neurodegeneration extend the duration of stance phase, load response, and pre- Swing, as well as reduced duration of single support and swing time.

Detection and assessment of Parkinson's disease based on gait analysis: A survey

Neurological disorders represent one of the leading causes of disability and mortality in the world. Parkinson's Disease (PD), for example, affecting millions of people worldwide is often manifested

Fear of Falling Does Not Influence Dual-Task Gait Costs in People with Parkinson’s Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study

TLDR
F does not appear to have a relevant effect on dual-task costs of gait when cognitive tasks are added during walking, and associations between FOF, cognition, and gait parameters under single-task and DT are described.
...

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