GW170814: A Three-Detector Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Coalescence.

  title={GW170814: A Three-Detector Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Coalescence.},
  author={Brad Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and Thomas Abbott and Fausto Acernese and Kendall Ackley and Carl Adams and Todd Adams and Paolo Addesso and Rana X. Adhikari and Vaishali B. Adya and Christoph Affeldt and Mohammad Afrough and Bhanu Agarwal and Michalis Agathos and Kazuhiro Agatsuma and Nancy Aggarwal and Odylio D. Aguiar and Lloyd Paul Aiello and Anirban Ain and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Gabrielle Allen and Annalisa Allocca and Paul A Altin and A. Amato and Alena Ananyeva and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and S. V. Angelova and Sarah Antier and Stephen Appert and Koji Arai and M. C. Araya and Joseph S. Areeda and Nicolas Arnaud and K. G. Arun and Stefano Ascenzi and Gregory Ashton and Melanie Ast and Stuart M. Aston and Pia Astone and D. V. Atallah and Peter Aufmuth and Carsten Aulbert and K. AultONeal and Christopher C. Austin and Adriana {\'A}vila-{\'A}lvarez and Stanislav Babak and Philippe Bacon and M. K. M. Bader and S Bae and Paul T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and Giulio Ballardin and Stefan W. Ballmer and Sharan Banagiri and J. C. B. Barayoga and S. E. Barclay and Barry C. Barish and Daniel H. N. Barker and Kevin Barkett and Fabrizio Barone and B. W. Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and D{\'a}niel Barta and Scott Douglas Barthelmy and Jms Bartlett and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and Mateusz Bawaj and Joseph Bayley and Marco Bazzan and Bence B{\'e}csy and Christian Beer and Michał Bejger and I. Belahcene and A. S. Bell and B. K. Berger and Gerald Bergmann and J. J. Bero and Christopher P. L. Berry and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and Joe Betzwieser and Swetha Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Chris Billman and Jeremy Birch and Ross Birney and Ofek Birnholtz and S{\'e}bastien Biscans and Sylvia Biscoveanu and A. Bisht and Massimiliano Bitossi and Christopher Michael Biwer and M. A. Bizouard and J. K. Blackburn and Jonathan Blackman and Carl Blair and David G Blair and R. M. Blair and Steven Bloemen and Oliver Bock and Nina Bode and Michel Boer and Gilles Bogaert and Alejandro Boh{\'e} and F. Bondu and Edgard Bonilla and R. Bonnand and Boris A. Boom and R. G. Bork and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and K. Bossie and Yann Bouffanais and Aaron T. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and P. R. Brady and Marica Branchesi and James E. Brau and Tristan Briant and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Patrick Brockill and J. E. Broida and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and D. D. Brown and Sharon Brunett and C. C. Buchanan and A. Buikema and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and R. L. Byer and Miriam Cabero and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and Juan Calder{\'o}n Bustillo and Thomas A. Callister and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Maurizio Canepa and Priscilla Canizares and Kipp C. Cannon and H. Cao and J. Cao and C. D. Capano and E. Capocasa and Franco Carbognani and Santiago Caride and Matthew Carney and Julia Casanueva Diaz and Claudio Casentini and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and Pablo Cerd{\'a}-Dur{\'a}n and G. Cerretani and Elisa Cesarini and Sydney JoAnne Chamberlin and Man Leong Chan and S. Chao and Philip R. Charlton and Eve A. Chase and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and Deep Chatterjee and K. Chatziioannou and Belinda D. Cheeseboro and H. Y. Chen and X. Chen and Y. R. Chen and H.-P. Cheng and Hanyu Chia and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and T. Chmiel and H. S. Cho and M. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Alvin J. K. Chua and Sheon S Y Chua and Adrian Ka-Wai Chung and S. Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Riccardo Ciolfi and Caterina Cirelli and A Cirone and Filiberto Clara and J A Clark and Patrick Clearwater and F. Cleva and Candida Gori Cocchieri and Eliana Marina Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and David Cohen and Alberto Colla and Christophe Collette and Lynn R. Cominsky and Marcio Constancio and L Conti and Steven J. Cooper and P. Corban and T. R. Corbitt and Isabel Cordero-Carri{\'o}n and K. Rainer Corley and Neil J. Cornish and Alessandra Corsi and Samuele Cortese and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and S Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Stefanie Countryman and Peter Couvares and P. B. Covas and Edith Cowan and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Robert Coyne and Jolien D. E. Creighton and T. D. Creighton and Jonathan Cripe and S. Gwynne Crowder and Torrey Cullen and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Tito Dal Canton and Gergely D{\'a}lya and S L Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and Abhigyan Dasgupta and Carlos Filipe Da Silva Costa and Vincenzino Dattilo and Itishri Dave and M. Davier and Derek Davis and E J Daw and B. Day and Soumi De and Daniel B. DeBra and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and M. De Laurentis and Samuel Deleglise and Walter Del Pozzo and N. Demos and Thomas Denker and Thomas Dent and Roberto De Pietri and Vladimir Dergachev and Rosario De Rosa and R. T. Derosa and Camilla De Rossi and Riccardo DeSalvo and Omar de Varona and Jan Devenson and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D{\'i}az and Luciano Di Fiore and M. Di Giovanni and T. Di Girolamo and Alberto Di Lieto and Sibilla Di Pace and I. Di Palma and Francesco di Renzo and Zoheyr Doctor and Vincent Dolique and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and Iain Dorrington and Rebecca Douglas and M Dovale {\'A}lvarez and Turlough P. Downes and M. Drago and Christoph Dreissigacker and J C Driggers and Zhihui Du and M. Ducrot and Peter Dupej and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tega Boro Edo and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and Heinz-Bernd Eggenstein and Phil Ehrens and Jan Eichholz and Stephen S. Eikenberry and Robert A. Eisenstein and Reed Essick and D Estevez and Zachariah B. Etienne and Taylor M. Etzel and Matthew Evans and Thomas M. Evans and M. Factourovich and V Fafone and H. Fair and Stephen Fairhurst and X. Fan and Stefania Farinon and Benjamin Farr and Will M. Farr and Edward Fauchon-Jones and Marc Favata and Maxime Fays and Christopher Fee and Henning Fehrmann and Jon R. Feicht and Martin M. Fejer and {\'A}lvaro Fern{\'a}ndez-Galiana and I. Ferrante and E. C. Ferreira and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Daniel Finstad and Irene Fiori and D Fiorucci and Maya Fishbach and Rebecca Fisher and M. Fitz-Axen and R. Flaminio and Mark Fletcher and Heather Fong and Jos{\'e} A. Font and P W F Forsyth and Sophie Forsyth and J.-D. Fournier and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Zsolt Frei and Andreas Freise and Raymond E. Frey and Volker Frey and Erin Murphy Fries and P. Fritschel and Valery Victor Frolov and P. J. Fulda and Matthew Fyffe and Hunter Gabbard and Bhooshan Gadre and Sebastian M. Gaebel and Jonathan R. Gair and Luca Gammaitoni and Miftar Ganija and Sampada Gaonkar and Cecilio Garc{\'i}a-Quir{\'o}s and F. Garufi and Bubba Gateley and Sergio Del Gaudio and G. Gaur and V. Gayathri and Neil Gehrels and Gianluca Gemme and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and Daniel George and Julia George and L'aszl'o 'A. Gergely and Vincent Germain and Sudarshan Ghonge and Abhirup Ghosh and Archisman Ghosh and S. Ghosh and J. A. Giaime and K. D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and Karl Gill and Lamar Glover and E Goetz and Ryan P. Goetz and S. Gomes and Boris Goncharov and Gabriela Gonz{\'a}lez and J M Gonzalez Castro and A. Gopakumar and Michael L. Gorodetsky and Sarah E. Gossan and Matthieu Gosselin and R. Gouaty and Aniello Grado and Christian Graef and Massimo Granata and A. Grant and Slawomir Gras and C. Gray and Giuseppe Greco and Andrew Green and E. M. Gretarsson and Paul J. Groot and Hartmut Grote and S. Grunewald and P. Gruning and G. Guidi and X. Guo and A. Gupta and M. Gupta and Kaitlin E. Gushwa and E. K. Gustafson and Richard Gustafson and O Halim and Bernard Hall and Evan D. Hall and E. Z. Hamilton and Giles D. Hammond and Maria Haney and M. M. Hanke and Jonathan Hanks and Chad Hanna and Mark Hannam and Otto A. Hannuksela and James E. Hanson and Terra Hardwick and Jan Harms and Gregory M. Harry and I. W. Harry and M. J. Hart and Carl-Johan Haster and K. Haughian and James Healy and Antoine Heidmann and Matthew Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and Gary Hemming and Martin Hendry and Ik Siong Heng and John Hennig and Alastair Heptonstall and Michele Heurs and Stefan Hild and Tanja Hinderer and David C. Hoak and David Jonathan Hofman and K. Holt and Daniel E. Holz and Philip F. Hopkins and C. Horst and James Hough and E. Alasdair Houston and E J Howell and Yi-ming Hu and Eliu A. Huerta and Dominique Huet and Barbara J. Hughey and Sascha Husa and S. H. Huttner and T. Huynh--Dinh and Nathaniel M. Indik and Ra Inta and Giuseppe Intini and Hafizah Noor Isa and J. M. Isac and Maximiliano Isi and Bala R. Iyer and Kiwamu Izumi and T. Jacqmin and Karan Jani and Piotr Jaranowski and S. Jawahar and F. Jim{\'e}nez-Forteza and W. W. Johnson and Nathan K. Johnson-McDaniel and D. I. Jones and R. Jones and R. J. G. Jonker and Li Ju and Jonas Junker and Chinmay Kalaghatgi and Vassiliki Kalogera and Brittany L. Kamai and Shivaraj Kandhasamy and G. Kang and Jonah B. Kanner and Shasvath J. Kapadia and Sudarshan Karki and Kai S. Karvinen and Marie Kasprzack and M. Katolik and Erotokritos Katsavounidis and William G. Katzman and Steffen Kaufer},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={119 14},
On August 14, 2017 at 10∶30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of ≲1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5_{-3.0}^{+5.7}M_{⊙} and 25.3_{-4.2}^{+2.8}M_{⊙} (at the 90% credible level). The… 

Figures from this paper

GW170608: Observation of a 19 solar-mass binary black hole coalescence
On 2017 June 8 at 02:01:16.49 UTC, a gravitational-wave (GW) signal from the merger of two stellar-mass black holes was observed by the two Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave
GW170817: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Neutron Star Inspiral.
The association of GRB 170817A, detected by Fermi-GBM 1.7 s after the coalescence, corroborates the hypothesis of a neutron star merger and provides the first direct evidence of a link between these mergers and short γ-ray bursts.
Multi-messenger observations of a binary neutron star merger
On 2017 August 17 a binary neutron star coalescence candidate (later designated GW170817) with merger time 12:41:04 UTC was observed through gravitational waves by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced
GW170817: Implications for the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from Compact Binary Coalescences.
The total background may be detectable with a signal-to-noise-ratio of 3 after 40 months of total observation time, based on the expected timeline for Advanced LIGO and Virgo to reach their design sensitivity.
The promises of gravitational-wave astronomy
An extraordinary amount of analysis has been carried out based on these detections, including a new measurement of the Hubble constant based on the neutron star inspiral, while the black hole observations have confirmed the existence of stellar black holes in a mass range never before observed.
GW190412: Observation of a binary-black-hole coalescence with asymmetric masses
We report the observation of gravitational waves from a binary-black-hole coalescence during the first two weeks of LIGO's and Virgo's third observing run. The signal was recorded on April 12, 2019
Measurement Accuracy of Inspiraling Eccentric Neutron Star and Black Hole Binaries Using Gravitational Waves
In a recent paper, we determined the measurement accuracy of physical parameters for eccentric, precessing, non-spinning, inspiraling, stellar-mass black hole - black hole (BH-BH) binaries for the
GWTC-1: A Gravitational-Wave Transient Catalog of Compact Binary Mergers Observed by LIGO and Virgo during the First and Second Observing Runs
We present the results from three gravitational-wave searches for coalescing compact binaries with component masses above 1$\mathrm{M}_\odot$ during the first and second observing runs of the
Towards improving detection rates ofgravitational waves from precessing binary blackholes
According to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity, the acceleration of matter can cause ripples in the curvature of spacetime, given the name gravitational waves. Such ripples are negligible in
Status of the Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detector
On September 2015, a century after Einstein’s predictions of their existence, the first Gravitational waves (GWs) direct detection was performed by LIGO. On August 17, 2017, the two Advanced LIGO and


GW170104: Observation of a 50-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence at Redshift 0.2.
The magnitude of modifications to the gravitational-wave dispersion relation is constrain, the graviton mass is bound to m_{g}≤7.7×10^{-23}  eV/c^{2} and null tests of general relativity are performed, finding that GW170104 is consistent with general relativity.
Properties of the Binary Black Hole Merger GW150914.
The data around the time of the event were analyzed coherently across the LIGO network using a suite of accurate waveform models that describe gravitational waves from a compact binary system in general relativity.
GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence.
This second gravitational-wave observation provides improved constraints on stellar populations and on deviations from general relativity.
The Rate of Binary Black Hole Mergers Inferred from Advanced LIGO Observations Surrounding GW150914
A transient gravitational-wave signal, GW150914, was identified in the twin Advanced LIGO detectors on September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC. To assess the implications of this discovery, the detectors
GW150914: The Advanced LIGO Detectors in the Era of First Discoveries.
Following a major upgrade, the two advanced detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) held their first observation run between September 2015 and January 2016, and observed a transient gravitational-wave signal determined to be the coalescence of two black holes.
Sensitivity of the Advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) consists of two widely separated 4 km laser interferometers designed to detect gravitational waves from distant astrophysical sources in
Calibration of the Advanced LIGO detectors for the discovery of the binary black-hole merger GW150914
In Advanced LIGO, detection and astrophysical source parameter estimation of the binary black hole merger GW150914 requires a calibrated estimate of the gravitational-wave strain sensed by the
Prospects for Observing and Localizing Gravitational-Wave Transients with Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo
A possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade is presented, and the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational- wave signals is determined, and its capability to determine the sky location of the source is studied.
Parameter estimation for binary neutron-star coalescences with realistic noise during the Advanced LIGO era
Advanced ground-based gravitational-wave (GW) detectors begin operation imminently. Their intended goal is not only to make the first direct detection of GWs, but also to make inferences about the
A data-analysis strategy for detecting gravitational-wave signals from inspiraling compact binaries with a network of laser-interferometric detectors
A data-analysis strategy based on the maximum-likelihood method (MLM) is presented for the detection of gravitational waves from inspiraling compact binaries with a network of laser-interferometric