GRÜNER, NORTON: HERBIVORY AS THREAT TO CARMICHAELIA SHORT COMMUNICATION Herbivory by hares as a threat to the native brooms Carmichaelia juncea and C. vexillata


Adult mortality, seed production, and seedling establishment of two species of New Zealand broom (Carmichaelia juncea and C. vexillata) were studied in exclosure trials to determine the level of threat posed by herbivory by introduced mammals. While no effect on mortality was observed for either species, herbivory by hares drastically reduced seed… (More)


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