GIB: Steps Toward an Expert-Level Bridge-Playing Program

This paper describes GIB, the first bridgeplaying program to approach the level of a human expert. ( G I B finished twelf th in a handpicked field of thir ty-four experts at an invitat ional event at the 1998 Wor ld Bridge Championships.) We give a basic overview of the algorithms used, describe their strengths and weaknesses, and present the results of… CONTINUE READING