GIB: Steps Toward an Expert-Level Bridge-Playing Program

  title={GIB: Steps Toward an Expert-Level Bridge-Playing Program},
  author={Matthew L. Ginsberg},
This paper describes GIB, the first bridgeplaying program to approach the level of a human expert. ( G I B finished twelf th in a handpicked field of thir ty-four experts at an invitat ional event at the 1998 Wor ld Bridge Championships.) We give a basic overview of the algorithms used, describe their strengths and weaknesses, and present the results of experiments comparing GIB to both human opponents and other programs. 
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 14 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
Highly Cited
This paper has 171 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS

From This Paper

Topics from this paper.
92 Citations
14 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.

172 Citations

Citations per Year
Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 172 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 14 references

G I B : Sensational breakthrough in bridge software

  • Onno Eskes
  • IMP, 8(2),
  • 1997
1 Excerpt

Technical report

  • Ian Frank. Bridge
  • E T L ,
  • 1997
1 Excerpt

Five Weeks to Winning Bridge

  • Al f red Sheinwold
  • Pocket Books,
  • 1996
2 Excerpts

In Proceedings of the Thirteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence

  • Aske Plaat, Jonathan Schaeffer, W i m Pij ls, Ar ie de Bru in . Exploi t ing graph properties of ga trees
  • pages 234-239,
  • 1996
1 Excerpt

Par t i t ion search

  • Mat thew L. Ginsberg
  • Proceedings of the Thirteenth National Conference…
  • 1996
2 Excerpts


  • Stephen J.J. Smith, Dana S. Nau, Tom Throop. Total-order multi-agent tasknetwork planni Intelligence
  • California,
  • 1996

In Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

  • Daphne Roller, Av i Pfeffer. Generating, solving imperfect informat ion games
  • pages 1185-1192,
  • 1995

Artificial Intelligence

  • Mat thew L. Ginsberg, Wi l l iam D. Harvey. I terative broadening
  • 55:367-383,
  • 1992

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…