GENITAL TRACT SCREENING FINDS WIDESPREAD INFECTION WITH MUSTELID GAMMAHERPESVIRUS 1 IN THE EUROPEAN BADGER (MELES MELES)

@article{Kent2018GENITALTS,
  title={GENITAL TRACT SCREENING FINDS WIDESPREAD INFECTION WITH MUSTELID GAMMAHERPESVIRUS 1 IN THE EUROPEAN BADGER (MELES MELES)},
  author={Alice Kent and Bernhard Ehlers and Tom A. Mendum and Chris Newman and David W. Macdonald and Mark Andrew Chambers and Christina D. Buesching},
  journal={Journal of Wildlife Diseases},
  year={2018},
  volume={54},
  pages={133 - 137}
}
ABSTRACT:  Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be important drivers of population dynamics because of their negative effects on reproduction. However, screening for STDs, especially in wildlife populations, is widely neglected. Using the promiscuous, polygynandrous European badger (Meles meles) as a model, we investigated the presence and prevalence of herpesviruses (HVs) in a wild, high-density population and assessed potential differences in somatic fitness and female reproductive… 
Effects of Mustelid gammaherpesvirus 1 (MusGHV-1) Reactivation in European Badger (Meles meles) Genital Tracts on Reproductive Fitness
TLDR
Positive results in foetal tissues from MusGHV-1 positive mothers indicated that cross-placental transmission was unlikely, and this study has broader implications for how wide-spread gammaherpesvirus infections could affect reproductive performance in wild Carnivora species.
Patterns of Mustelid gammaherpesvirus 1 (MusGHV-1) genital reactivation linked to stressors in adult European badgers (Meles meles)
TLDR
This study provides rare evidence from a free-ranging wild mammal population that the infection dynamics of a common and sexually transmittable gammaherpesvirus are linked to demographic, social, physiological and environmental stress.
Patterns of Genital Tract Mustelid Gammaherpesvirus 1 (Musghv-1) Reactivation Are Linked to Stressors in European Badgers (Meles Meles)
TLDR
The results reveal different sets of risk factors between juveniles and adults, likely reflecting primary infection and reactivation, and possible explanations for these risk factors and their links to stress in badgers.
Neoplasms and novel gammaherpesviruses in critically endangered captive European minks (Mustela lutreola).
TLDR
The pathological, ultrastructural and PCR findings (MuGHV-2) in the European mink with lymphoma strongly suggest a potential role for this novel gammaherpesvirus in its pathogenesis, as it has been reported in other HV-infected species with lymphomas.
Stress-Related Herpesvirus Reactivation in Badgers Can Result in Clostridium Proliferation
TLDR
A postmortem examination of a single badger that died of fatal disease, likely associated with C. perfringens, revealed MusGHV-1 detection in the small intestine and an inclusion pattern analysis indicated that, causally, MusGHv-1 reactivation potentiated C. perfumeens proliferation.
A WIDESPREAD NOVEL GAMMAHERPESVIRUS IN APPARENTLY HEALTHY WILD QUOKKAS (SETONIX BRACHYURUS): A THREATENED AND ENDEMIC WALLABY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA
TLDR
MaHV-6 infection may be a catalyst for vulnerability to disease with other infectious agents and may pose a significant threat to other macropods.
Identification and Prevalence of Phascolarctid Gammaherpesvirus Types 1 and 2 in South Australian Koala Populations
TLDR
Both wild-caught and euthanased koalas actively shedding PhaHV-2 were significantly more likely to be actively shedding both viral subtypes, and active shedding of PhahV-1 had a significant positive relationship with age in both wild-and-euthanasia cohorts.
Detecting the Smell of Disease and Injury: Scoping Evolutionary and Ecological Implications
Sickness, along with most other health conditions, smell; and in order to avoid infection and contamination, humans and other animals alike have evolved to find these odours repugnant. Indeed, so
Adverse weather during in utero development is linked to higher rates of later-life herpesvirus reactivation in adult European badgers, Meles meles
Maternal immune and/or metabolic conditions relating to stress or nutritional status can affect in utero development among offspring with subsequent implications for later-life responses to
Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 14
TLDR
Higher level cognitive processing would likely be required for receivers and senders to make potentially informed decisions that reflect tradeoffs in their survival and fitness.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES
Detection of Mustelid Herpesvirus-1 Infected European Badgers (Meles meles) in the British Isles
TLDR
The conclusion drawn from data is that infection with MusHV-1 is common among free-ranging badgers in the British Isles.
Partial characterization of a novel gammaherpesvirus isolated from a European badger (Meles meles).
TLDR
From a panel of 27 mammalian cell lines, in-vitro replication of the badger herpesvirus (BadHV) was only demonstrated with a mink lung cell line, suggesting a high degree of host specificity.
Molecular identification of a novel gammaherpesvirus in the endangered Darwin's fox (Lycalopex fulvipes).
TLDR
The detection and characterization of a novel gammaherpesvirus in the critically endangered Darwin's fox on Chiloé Island, Chile is reported, which is the first report of a gammaherpevirus infecting a canid worldwide, and also of one infects a carnivore from South America.
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES IN ANIMALS: ECOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY IMPLICATIONS
TLDR
Comparison of the characteristics of sexually transmitted mammalian diseases with those that are transmitted by non-sexual means showed that STDs cause less mortality, are longer-lived in their hosts, are less likely to invoke strong immune responses, have narrower host-ranges, and show less fluctuation in prevalence over time.
Pathogen burden, co‐infection and major histocompatibility complex variability in the European badger (Meles meles)
TLDR
Examination of a large number and diversity of pathogens, and both MHC class I and II genes (which have different functions), provide an improved understanding of the mechanisms driving MHC diversity.
Novel Mammalian Herpesviruses and Lineages within the Gammaherpesvirinae: Cospeciation and Interspecies Transfer
TLDR
This gammaherpesvirus tree contains 11 major lineages and presents the widest view to date of phylogenetic relationships in any subfamily of the Herpesviridae, as well as the most complex in the number of deep lineages.
Sexually transmitted diseases of insects: distribution, evolution, ecology and host behaviour
TLDR
The observation that the Coleoptera seem to suffer from more STDs than other insect orders, since they tend to diapause as adults and are therefore more likely to have overlapping generations of adults in temperate regions, is explained.
Detection of New DNA Polymerase Genes of Known and Potentially Novel Herpesviruses by PCR with Degenerate and Deoxyinosine-Substituted Primers
TLDR
Consensus PCR analysis of blood samples from zebras, a wild ass and a tapir revealed amplicons showing high percentages of sequence identity to DNA polymerases of γ-herpesviruses, a first indication that novel γ, or novel herpesvirus species, are present in wild and zoo equids.
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE AND THE EVOLUTION OF MATING SYSTEMS
TLDR
It is shown that optimal female responses to the risk of STDs can buffer the prevalence of infection to remain constant, or even decrease, with increasing per contact transmission probabilities, which maintains mixed evolutionarily stable strategies or polymorphisms in female behavior.
...
1
2
...