GDF-5 deficiency in mice alters the ultrastructure, mechanical properties and composition of the Achilles tendon.


Acromesomelic dysplasia of the Hunter-Thompson and Grebe types are rare human disorders based on growth/differentiation factor (GDF)-5/CDMP-1 genetic mutations. Numerous skeletal abnormalities are present in these individuals, including shortened limb bones and severe dislocations of the knee. In the GDF-5 deficient brachypodism mouse, similar, although… (More)


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