# GAUGE INVARIANCE AND THE GOLDSTONE THEOREM

@article{Guralnik2011GAUGEIA, title={GAUGE INVARIANCE AND THE GOLDSTONE THEOREM}, author={Gerald S. Guralnik}, journal={Modern Physics Letters A}, year={2011}, volume={26}, pages={1381-1392} }

This paper was originally created for and printed in the "Proceedings of seminar on unified theories of elementary particles" held in Feldafing, Germany from July 5 to 16, 1965 under the auspices of the Max-Planck-Institute for Physics and Astrophysics in Munich. It details and expands upon the 1964 Guralnik, Hagen, and Kibble paper demonstrating that the Goldstone theorem does not require physical zero mass particles in gauge theories.

## 6 Citations

### The Beginnings of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Particle Physics -- Derived From My on the Spot

- Physics
- 2011

I summarize the development of the ideas of Spontaneous symmetry breaking in the 1960s with an outline of the Guralnik, Hagen, Kibble (GHK) paper and include comments on the relationship of this…

### THE HISTORY OF THE GURALNIK, HAGEN AND KIBBLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF SPONTANEOUS SYMMETRY BREAKING AND GAUGE PARTICLES

- Physics
- 2009

I discuss historical material about the beginning of the ideas of spontaneous symmetry breaking and particularly the role of the paper by Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble in this development. I do so…

### Electroweak Symmetry Breaking in Historical Perspective

- Physics
- 2015

The discovery of the Higgs boson is a major milestone in our progress toward understanding the natural world. A particular aim of this review is to show how diverse ideas came together in the…

### Shadow Extra Dimension & Fuzzy Branes via Exorcized Infinite Derivative Field Theory

- Physics
- 2021

Particle physics models with extra dimensions of space (EDS's) and branes are very interesting extensions beyond the standard model (BSM), allowing to shed new light on electroweak and flavor…

### Diffractive Higgs production by AdS Pomeron fusion

- Physics
- 2012

A bstractThe double diffractive Higgs production at central rapidity is formulated in terms of the fusion of two AdS gravitons/Pomerons first introduced by Brower, Polchinski, Strassler and Tan in…

### World of discontinuity

- Physics, Education
- 2015

Contemporary main stream physics has undoubtedly its focus primarily on inflating universe, multiverse, quantum and string theories. Some believe these would be linked together on a common ground…

## References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES

### CONNECTION BETWEEN GAUGE INVARIANCE AND MASS

- Physics, Mathematics
- 1962

S>The limit, as the bare mass vanishes, of a theory of a massive neutral vector meson interacting with charged fields is investigated. A redefinition of the charged-field operators is exhibited so…

### Dynamical Model of Elementary Particles Based on an Analogy with Superconductivity. II

- Physics
- 1961

It is suggested that the nucleon mass arises largely as a self-energy of some primary fermion field through the same mechanism as the appearance of energy gap in the theory of superconductivity. The…

### Does Spontaneous Breakdown of Symmetry Imply Zero-Mass Particles?

- Physics
- 1964

The implication of massless bosons from a proof by Goldstone, Salam, and Weinberg is shown to have a nonrelativistic analog that yields a massless boson excitation independent of model used. The…

### GAUGE INVARIANCE AND MASS. PART II.

- Physics
- 1962

The possibility that a vector gauge field can imply a nonzero mass particle is illustrated by the exact solution of a one-dimensional model. (auth)

### Field theories with « Superconductor » solutions

- Physics
- 1961

SummaryThe conditions for the existence of non-perturbative type « superconductor » solutions of field theories are examined. A non-covariant canonical transformation method is used to find such…