Fuzzy-trace theory and children's false memories.

@article{Brainerd1998FuzzytraceTA,
  title={Fuzzy-trace theory and children's false memories.},
  author={Charles J. Brainerd and Valerie F. Reyna},
  journal={Journal of experimental child psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={71 2},
  pages={
          81-129
        }
}
  • C. Brainerd, V. Reyna
  • Published 1 November 1998
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental child psychology
Fuzzy-trace theory's concepts of identity judgment, nonidentity judgment, and similarity judgment provide a unified account of the false-memory phenomena that have been most commonly studied in children: false-recognition effects and misinformation effects. False-recognition effects (elevated false-alarm rates for unpresented distractors that preserve the meanings of presented targets) are due to increased rates of similarity or false identity judgment about distractors or to decreased rates of… Expand
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  • J. Schooler
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental child psychology
  • 1998
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It is established that developmental improvements in the formation of meaning connections are necessary and sufficient to produce age increases in false memory. Expand
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Abstract We present a theory-based review of research on the persistence of children's false memories over extended time intervals. Fuzzy-trace theory predicts that the long-term persistence ofExpand
Children's and adults' spontaneous false memories: long-term persistence and mere-testing effects.
TLDR
Important new findings were that the persistence effect and the false-memory creation effect were greatest for statements that would be regarded as factually incorrect reports of events in sworn testimony and that, like suggestive questioning, interviews that involve nonsuggestive recognition questions may nevertheless taint children's memories. Expand
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Abstract Two experiments on children's inferences and associative memory provided a test of predictions from fuzzy-trace theory. Specifically, it was expected that gist-based false recognitions wouldExpand
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