Fusion with the Cross-Gender Group Predicts Genital Sex Reassignment Surgery

  title={Fusion with the Cross-Gender Group Predicts Genital Sex Reassignment Surgery},
  author={William B. Swann and {\'A}ngel G{\'o}mez and Alexandra V{\'a}zquez and Antonio Guillam{\'o}n and Santiago Segovia and Beatriz Carillo},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
Transsexuals vary in the sacrifices that they make while transitioning to their cross-gender group. We suggest that one influence on the sacrifices they make is identity fusion. When people fuse with a group, a visceral and irrevocable feeling of oneness with the group develops. The personal self (the sense of “I” and “me”) remains potent and combines synergistically with the social self to motivate behavior. We hypothesized that transsexuals who felt fused with the cross-gender group would be… 

Increasing the Predictive Validity of Identity Fusion in Leading to Sacrifice by Considering the Extremity of the Situation

When it comes to doing something for your group, one would intuitively think that as sacrifices get more extreme, fewer individuals would be willing to make them. Are there, however, some people who

Identity fusion predicts endorsement of pro‐group behaviours targeting nationality, religion, or football in Brazilian samples

This is the first research explicitly addressing a comparison between these two forms of group alignment, identity fusion and identification with a group, and their role in predicting pro-group behaviours.

Identity Fusion, Extreme Pro‐Group Behavior, and the Path to Defusion

Identityfusionreferstoa visceralsense of onenesswithan ingroup. For fused individuals,group membership is not a means to an end (e.g.,a positive social identity). Rather, membership is an

Identity fusion predicts violent pro-group behavior when it is morally justifiable.

Results showed that strongly fused participants were more willing to act violently than weakly fused participants, but only when their beliefs in the moral justifiability of violence were high, and their willingness to engage in nonviolent acts was not influenced by moral beliefs.

Admiration for Islamist groups encourages self-sacrifice through identity fusion

The psychological mechanisms that lead terrorists to make costly sacrifices for their ideological convictions are of great theoretical and practical importance. We investigate two key components of

Strongly fused individuals feel viscerally responsible to self-sacrifice.

Identity fusion is a visceral feeling of oneness that predicts extreme behaviour on behalf of the target of fusion. We propose that strongly fused individuals are characterized by feelings of

Sharing genes fosters identity fusion and altruism

Abstract Researchers have shown that the more genes twins share, the more they care about one another. Here, we examine a psychological mediator of such genetic influences, “identity fusion” (a

Identity Fusion and the Use of Force: A Group-Psychological Explanation for Support of Military Interventions

Under what circumstances will the public support military intervention in other countries? Recent answers have focused on the importance of identity and attachment to one’s nation to explain

The power of ‘feeling one’ with a group: identity fusion and extreme pro-group behaviours / El poder de ‘sentirse uno’ con un grupo: fusión de la identidad y conductas progrupales extremas

Abstract Why do some people make extreme sacrifices for their group? We propose that the identity fusion theory helps to understand extreme pro-group behaviour. Identity fusion entails a visceral

Engaging in extreme activism in support of others’ political struggles: The role of politically motivated fusion with out-groups

It is demonstrated that politically motivated fusion with out- groups underpins the extreme solidary action people may take on behalf of distant out-groups and suggested that their political orientation morally compelled them to do so.



Sex reassignment: outcomes and predictors of treatment for adolescent and adult transsexuals.

The results substantiate previous conclusions that sex reassignment is effective and clinicians need to be alert for non-homosexual male-to-females with unfavourable psychological functioning and physical appearance and inconsistent gender dysphoria reports, as these are risk factors for dropping out and poor post-operative results.

Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender-Nonconforming People, Version 7

This version of the SOC recognizes that treatment for gender dysphoria has become more individualized, and can be used to help patients consider the full range of health services open to them, in accordance with their clinical needs and goals for gender expression.

Adolescents who are Eligible for Sex Reassignment Surgery: Parental Reports of Emotional and Behavioural Problems

One important reason why clinicians abstain from medical intervention in trans- sexual adolescents is that they assume that transsexualism and psychopathology are necessarily associated. However,

What makes a group worth dying for? Identity fusion fosters perception of familial ties, promoting self-sacrifice.

It is proposed that a common mechanism accounts for the willingness of fused people to die for smaller and larger groups, when fused people perceive that group members share core characteristics, they are more likely to project familial ties common in smaller groups onto the extended group, and this enhances willingness to fight and die for the larger group.

The Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults

Strong evidence for discriminant validity was shown in that the gender identity patients had significantly more gender dysphoria than both the heterosexual and nonheterosexual university students.

The Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults: Further Validity Evidence

Compared to clinical control adolescents and adults on the Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults (GIDYQ–AA), degree of self-reported gender dysphoria was significantly correlated with recall of cross-gender behavior in childhood—a test of convergent validity.

Dying and Killing for One’s Group

Using an intergroup version of the trolley problem, participants’ willingness to sacrifice their lives for their group is explored and the nature of identity fusion and its relationship to related constructs are discussed.

On the nature of identity fusion: insights into the construct and a new measure.

A measure designed to capture feelings of connectedness and reciprocal strength with the group, and predicted endorsement of extreme progroup behaviors with greater fidelity than did an earlier pictorial measure of identity fusion, which was, in turn, superior to a measure of group identification.

Identity fusion: the interplay of personal and social identities in extreme group behavior.

Among fused persons, both the personal and social self may energize and direct group-related behavior, and the 2 forms of identity may combine synergistically, fostering exceptionally high levels of extreme behavior.

Identity fusion and self-sacrifice: arousal as a catalyst of pro-group fighting, dying, and helping behavior.

It is proposed that increasing the agency of fused persons by elevating autonomic arousal would amplify their tendency to endorse and actually enact pro-ingroup behavior.