Further to Articulatory Force and the IPA Revisions

@article{Ball1993FurtherTA,
  title={Further to Articulatory Force and the IPA Revisions},
  author={Martin John Ball},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  year={1993},
  volume={23},
  pages={39 - 41}
}
  • M. Ball
  • Published 1 June 1993
  • Linguistics
  • Journal of the International Phonetic Association
I read with interest the note by Leigh Lisker in JIPA 22 (pp 57–61) concerning the problem of marking force of articulation in phonetic transcription, and his regret that the 1989 revisions did not include diacritics for the fortis-lenis distinction. It is true that there exists no universally agreed definition of articulatory force, however, as Professor Lisker points out, phoneticians involved in transcription frequently encounter the need to differentiate sounds of different strength which… 

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TLDR
The set of coding numbers in the series 6nn was reserved for the symbols for voice quality and pathological speech listed in the Extensions to the IPA drawn up by the Group working on these symbols at the Kiel IPA Convention.

Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet for the transcription of atypical speech

This paper introduces and illustrates the Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that have been recommended for the narrow transcription of disordered speech. The relationship

Non-segmental aspects of disordered speech: Developments in transcription

Recent developments in the phonetic transcription of disordered speech are discussed, and the specific problems of suprasegmental aspects highlighted. The new transcription conventions in this area