Further Observations on Individual Differences of Human Blood.

  title={Further Observations on Individual Differences of Human Blood.},
  author={Karl Landsteiner and Philip Levine},
  journal={Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine},
  pages={941 - 942}
  • K. Landsteiner, P. Levine
  • Published 1 June 1927
  • Biology
  • Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
In a previous communication 1 we described an agglutinable factor (M), independent of the blood groups and present in many but not in all human bloods. A somewhat higher incidence of M among colored than white individuals, as indicated by our first results, was confirmed by examination on a larger scale; among 902 white individuals 165 (18.3 per cent), and among 338 colored 95 (28.1 per cent) whose blood reacted negatively. A differentiation of bloods (in the same group) lacking or possessing… 
  • A. Mourant
  • Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1970
Almost from the outset the Rh groups were seen to have a greater obvious relevance to population study than was possessed by even the ABO groups, let alone the MN and P groups, for hemolytic disease of the newborn was a disease that selectively killed infants who were heterozygous for the Rh factor.
P Blood Group and Related Antigens
The human P blood group system was discovered by Landsteiner and Levine (1927) when these investigators found a new antigen present on the erythrocytes of about 80% of individuals, who were typed
The variation in strength of the human blood group P
Owing to the improved technique developed by Jonsson and Henningsen, and the use of potent testing fluids, the difficulty of distinguishing weakly reacting blood containing P from the recessive form pp is now believed to be overcome.
The Individuality of Blood and Bloodstains
The historical review reveals that it was not until the 1840's that scientists could reliably identify blood as blood, and that the ABO system, the oldest anb best known, was discovered in 1927.
A Study of the Blood Groups of the Rabbit, with reference to the Inheritance of Three Antigens, and the Agglutinability of the Red Cells Carrying Them
It is suggested that the notation of this allelomorphic trio in rabbits should be standardized as follows: G a =Kellner & Hedal9s G and Heard9s Z ; G b =Kellen9s g and Heard 9s Y ; G c =Heard9s W .
Biochemistry and Genetics of the ABO, Lewis, and P blood group systems.
  • W. Watkins
  • Biology, Medicine
    Advances in human genetics
  • 1980
For only three blood group systems, namely ABO, Lewis, and P, is the chemical nature of the antigens unequivocally established, and this review will be primarily concerned with these systems.
The P blood group system: biochemical, serological, and clinical aspects.
Rapid progress in recent years in the biochemical, genetic, serological, and medical aspects of the P blood group system suggest that this is an opportune time to review the current understanding of this interestingBlood group system.
A Brief History of Human Blood Groups
Several investigations of blood groups from Iran, including the main blood groups ABO and Rh, as well as minor blood groups such as Duffy, Lutheran, Kell, KP, Kidd, and Xg, have been reviewed.
The only clear advance in the general understanding of blood groups in recent years has been the gradual recognition that in certain systems, more than one locus is involved, and in this work Philip Levine has been a t the center of things.
The Immunochemistry of Some Blood Group Antigens
Certain antigens expressed on the erythrocyte surface of one individual may be recognized by antibodies in the serum of another individual, and some of these are commonly known as blood group