Further Examining the American Dream: Differential Correlates of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goals

  title={Further Examining the American Dream: Differential Correlates of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goals},
  author={Tim Kasser and Richard M. Ryan},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={280 - 287}
  • T. Kasser, R. Ryan
  • Published 1 March 1996
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Empirical research and organismic theories suggest that lower well-being is associated with having extrinsic goals focused on rewards or praise relatively central to one's personality in comparison to intrinsic goals congruent with inherent growth tendencies. In a sample of adult subjects (Study 1), the relative importance and efficacy of extrinsic aspirations for financial success, an appealing appearance, and social recognition were associated with lower vitality and self-actualization and… 
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1993
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