Furin-induced cleavage and activation of Shiga toxin.

Shiga toxin has a single A subunit non-covalently associated with a pentamer of B subunits. The toxin has a trypsin-sensitive region near the COOH-terminal end of the A-chain, and upon cleavage, two disulfide bonded fragments, A1 and A2, are generated. These fragments are also formed upon incubation with cells. The disulfide loop contains the sequence (Arg… CONTINUE READING