Fungi isolated from Antarctic mosses

  title={Fungi isolated from Antarctic mosses},
  author={Solveig Tosi and Bego{\~n}a Casado and Renato Gerdol and Giuseppe Caretta},
  journal={Polar Biology},
Abstract. Microfungi were isolated from different moss species in Victoria Land. Twenty-eight taxa belonging to 18 genera were identified. New records for continental Antarctica were: Arthrobotrys superba, Conidiobolus sp., Penicillium minioluteum, Verticillium psalliotae and V. lamellicola. The most frequently isolated fungal species were: Cladosporium cladosporioides, Cryptococcus albidus, Cryptococcus laurentii, Geomyces pannorum var. pannorum, G. pannorum var. vinaceus, Mortierella… 
Isolation and Identification of Filamentous Fungi from Island Livingston, Antarctica
Results concerning the isolation and identification of filamentous fungi from samples of soil taken from Livingston Island, South Shetland Archipelago, West Antarctica show that most of the fungal isolates proved to be cold-tolerant.
Occurrence and diversity of marine yeasts in Antarctica environments
A total of 28 yeast strains obtained from the sea sediment of Antarctica have wide potential applications in biotechnology, for some of them can produce β-galactosidase and killer toxins.
Fungi Associated with Plants and Lichens of Antarctica
This chapter focuses on the richness, diversity, and ecology of cryptic fungal assemblages associated with bryophytes, vascular plants and lichens of Antarctica.
Opportunistic fungi found in fairy rings are present on different moss species in the Antarctic Peninsula
It is hypothesized that some of the fungi recovered from fairy ring mosses might represent secondary opportunistic pathogens and contribute to the reduced natural defences of the infected mosses, thus accelerating the dissemination of the pathogenic fairy rings in the Antarctic Peninsula.
The distribution of fungi in Antarctica is linked to the distribution of hosts such as birds, invertebrate populations and vegetation, consisting mainly of bryophyte and lichen communities. Light is
Diversity and bioprospecting of fungal communities associated with endemic and cold-adapted macroalgae in Antarctica
The results suggest that the endemic and cold- Adapted macroalgae of Antarctica shelter a rich, diversity and complex fungal communities consisting of a few dominant indigenous or mesophilic cold-adapted species, and a large number of rare and/or endemic taxa, which may provide an interesting model of algal–fungal interactions under extreme conditions as well as a potential source of bioactive compounds.
Cultivable fungi present in Antarctic soils: taxonomy, phylogeny, diversity, and bioprospecting of antiparasitic and herbicidal metabolites
Evidence supporting that soils in the Antarctic Peninsula constitute a natural source of strains of this genus, including some P. destructans strains that are phylogenetically close to those that infect bats in North America and Europe/Palearctic Asia is given.
A new species of Paecilomyces isolated from the Antarctic springtail Cryptopygus antarcticus
Analysis of the ribosomal DNA internally transcribed spacer (ITS) and 18s subunit sequences showed the fungus to be distinct from other Paecilomyces species, and suggested a close relationship with Cordyceps species.


Evidence of an Indigenous Microbiota (Yeast) in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica
Soil samples from sites in the Dry Valleys of South Victoria Land, Antarctica, contained a variety of microbes, including Cryptococcus vishniacii, which has a distribution suggesting indigenous origin and shows appropriate psychrophilic character and energy requirements for life in this highly stressed environment.
Yeasts from Antarctica.
  • M. E. Menna
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of general microbiology
  • 1960
The yeast flora of moss from Granite Harbour and of soils from Wright Dry Valley in the McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica was examined and strains of Candida, scottii, were the predominant soil yeasts.
Filamentous fungi of the Windmill Islands, continental Antarctica. Effect of water content in moss turves on fungal diversity
The effect of water content in moss turves from the Windmill Islands, Wilkes Land, continental Antarctica on the composition of associated filamentous fungi is presented.
Ecology and biology of microfungi from Antarctic rocks and soils
Investigation of soil microfungi in contrasting sites at the BIOTAS area at Edmonson Point indicated that both the presence of bird colonies and changes in temperature and UV exposure obtained by using plastic cloches influenced species composition and density.
Diversity of micro‐fungi in an Antarctic dry valley
The fungal microflora of a dry valley in southern Victoria Land near McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, was investigated and yielded populations of yeasts and filamentous fungi.
The broad-scale distribution of microfungi in the Windmill Islands region, continental Antarctica
Fungal distribution and diversity were poor in samples of lichens, compared to samples from mosses and algae, and fungal distribution appeared to be related to substrata and nutrient status rather than dispersal opportunities away from the station.
A taxonomic study of Antarctic yeasts.
SUMMARYYeast species isolated from samples of water, soil, algae, mosses, penguin dung, etc., from Lakes Vanda, Bonney, Miers, and Fryxell in the Dry Valley region of South Victoria Land, and from ...
Thermophilous fungi isolated from some Antarctic and sub-Antarctic soils.
A comparison of thermophilic and thermotolerant fungi from hot springs of Yellowstone National Park and Aquatic sediment as a habitat of thermophile fungi in Indonesia between 1974 and 1974 shows the importance of knowing the temperature limit for eukaryotic organisms.
A record of Arthrobotrys tortor Jarowaja and Engyodontium album (Limber) de Hoog from Antarctica
Se reporta por primera vez el aislamiento de Arthrobotrys tortor y Engyodontium album desde Mid Victoria Land (Antartica). Se discuten ambos taxa con algunos comentarios ecologicos.