Fungal hosts of mycetophilids (Diptera: Sciaroidea excluding Sciaridae): a review

  title={Fungal hosts of mycetophilids (Diptera: Sciaroidea excluding Sciaridae): a review},
  author={Jevgeni Jakovlev},
  pages={11 - 23}
The larvae of more than 1000 species representing more than 40 families of European Diptera feed on fungi. Of these, the mycetophilids (Diptera: Bolitophilidae, Ditomyiidae, Diadocidiidae, Keroplatidae and Mycetophilidae) represent the largest group. A total of 417 mycetophilid species (38% of the European fauna) are associated with ca. 650 species of macrofungi (from 196 genera and 18 orders) and with five genera of slime moulds. Host preferences of mycetophilids are generally based on the… 

Dipteran (Bibionomorpha and Tipulomorpha) diversity in dead wood in Lithuania

The aim of this study is to compile the species list of Bibionomorpha and Tipulomorpha flies associated with dead wood in Lithuania. Saproxylic nematocerans were studied from 2014 to 2020 in four

A hidden Amazonian fauna: first record of Neoempheria bilobata Edwards, 1940 (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) in Pará State, Brazil

This study reports on the first record of this genus for Pará state and redescribes Neoempheria bilobata Edwards, which was previously decribed from a male holotype from southern Brazil.

Molecular phylogeny of fungus gnats (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) revisited: position of Manotinae, Metanepsiini, and other enigmatic taxa as inferred from multigene analysis

The phylogeny of selected genera from four subfamilies of fungus gnats (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) is reconstructed based on the combined analysis of five mitochondrial (12S, 16S, COI, COII, cytB) and two nuclear (28S, ITS2) gene markers.

A contribution towards checklist of fungus gnats (Diptera, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Bolitophilidae, Keroplatidae, Mycetophilidae) in Georgia, Transcaucasia

The estimated diversity of fungus gnats in Georgia is calculated using non-parametric methods and discussed with respect to other Western Palaearctic regions.

Recent noteworthy findings of fungus gnats from Finland and northwestern Russia (Diptera: Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae, Bolitophilidae and Mycetophilidae)

New faunistic data on fungus gnats from Finland and NW Russia (Karelia and Murmansk Region) are presented, with a total of 64 species reported for the first time form Finland and Russian Karelia.

A new species of Docosia Winnertz from Central Europe, with DNA barcoding based on four gene markers (Diptera, Mycetophilidae)

There was found only little congruence between the molecular results and previous scarce data about interspecific relationships based on morphology in Docosia, and the COI and CytB gene markers showed the highest interspecific gene distances while ITS2 showed the lowest ones.

Molecular phylogeny of the fungus gnat subfamilies Gnoristinae and Mycomyinae, and their position within Mycetophilidae (Diptera)

A dated phylogeny of the fungus gnat family Mycetophilidae showed that most of the subfamilies of My cretaceous family originated and diversified during the Cretaceous, and the youngest subfam families, originated in the Paleogene, appear to be Mycomyinae and MycETophilinae.

Five new Palaearctic species of Docosia (Diptera: Mycetophilidae), with updated molecular phylogeny of the genus

A new phylogenetic hypothesis is proposed for the relationships among the species within the genus Docosia Winnertz, 1863, based on a combined analysis of five DNA markers (28S, ITS2, COI, COII and

Molecular phylogeny of the fungus gnat family Diadocidiidae and its position within the infraorder Bibionomorpha (Diptera)

The molecular phylogeny of the family Diadocidiidae (Diptera: Sciaroidea) is reconstructed based on the combined analysis of four mitochondrial (12S, 16S, COI, cytB) and two nuclear (28S, ITS2) gene markers, and Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of 10 families of Bibionomorpha revealed Sciaridae as the closest relative.

Molecular phylogeny of Allodia (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) constructed using genome skimming

In this study, low‐coverage shotgun sequencing of genomic DNA is used to investigate the phylogenetic relationships of the fungus gnat genus Allodia Winnertz and reinstate Brachycampta stat.



Contribution to the Knowledge of Insects Humificators of Fungi in Lithuania

According to the data obtained in 1997-1998 36 species belonging to 11 families of Diptera, 10 species of Hymenoptera, 7 species of Coleoptera and 2 species of Lepidoptera have been reared from 34

Fungus Gnats of the Genera Exechiopsis Tuomikoski and Pseudexechia Tuom. in Japan (Diptera: Mycetophilidae)*

Five new species of the genus Exechiopsis are described from Japan: mycenae, quadri- dentata, sanageyamana, tricholomatae and yumikoae spp, which have the characteristic male genitalia.

Fleshy fungi of the genera Armillaria, Pleurotus, and Grifola as habitats of Coleoptera

The paper deals with adult beetles attracted by wood-rotting agarics of the genera Armillaria and Pleurotus, plus those collected on the oak-decaying polypore Grifola frondosa, finding that in southern Finland larvae of Cychramus and Triplax are able to utilize wood- rotting fungi.

Biology and morphology of the immature stages of Mycetophilidae (Diptera, Nematocera)

Any attempt to base a classification on adults only without reference to the other stages is an unnatural proceeding and likely to produce unnatural results, owing to the ease with which striking but really superficial characters can be confused with those of more fundamental importance from the point of view of phylogeny.

Fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaroidea) associated with dead wood and wood growing fungi: new rearing data from Finland and Russian Karelia and general analysis of known larval microhabitats in Europe

Numbers of fungus gnat species with known larval microhabitats and numbers of known fungal hosts are calculated and categorized based on this study and previous records from Europe and East Palaearctic.

A study of fungus flies (Dipteral Mycetophilidae) in beech woodland

Larvae inhabiting terrestrial fungi were collected from all sporophores from a defined area of the woodland floor between August and October 1968, and adult mycetophilids were trapped throughout 1968 using sticky traps at ground level.

Two new species of the genus Phronia Winnertz (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) from Finland and Russian Karelia

Based on several adult males collected by Malaise trapping, sweep-netting and rearing from decaying wood in Finland and Russian Karelia in the period 1989–2005,Phronia avidoides sp.n.

Mycetophilidae (Diptera), an insect group vulnerable to forestry practices? A comparison of clearcut, managed and semi-natural spruce forests in southern Norway

  • B. Økland
  • Environmental Science
    Biodiversity & Conservation
  • 2004
Important elements in a strategy for conservation of the diversity of the mycetophilid species seem to be to identify and protect the remnant patches of forests with long continuity, to practice timber harvesting in earlier clearcut forests instead of semi-natural forests.

Annotated checklist of fungus gnats from Sweden (Diptera: Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae and Mycetophilidae).

The first modern Swedish checklist of fungus gnats of the families Bolitophil Families, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae and Mycetophilidae is presented and three species names are reinstated to preserve nomenclatural stability.

Host selection patterns in insects breeding in bracket fungi

Host selection in the insect fauna of bracket fungi was studied, using data obtained both from the field and the literature to examine the validity of this hypothesis and degree of phylogenetic relatedness between the preferred hosts of the insects.