Fungal evolution: major ecological adaptations and evolutionary transitions

@article{NaranjoOrtiz2019FungalEM,
  title={Fungal evolution: major ecological adaptations and evolutionary transitions},
  author={Miguel A Naranjo-Ortiz and Toni Gabald{\'o}n},
  journal={Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society},
  year={2019},
  volume={94},
  pages={1443 - 1476}
}
Fungi are a highly diverse group of heterotrophic eukaryotes characterized by the absence of phagotrophy and the presence of a chitinous cell wall. While unicellular fungi are far from rare, part of the evolutionary success of the group resides in their ability to grow indefinitely as a cylindrical multinucleated cell (hypha). Armed with these morphological traits and with an extremely high metabolical diversity, fungi have conquered numerous ecological niches and have shaped a whole world of… 
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