The IEEE standard definitions of terms for antennas define antenna or aerial as a means for radiating and receiving radio waves. The history of antennas dates back to 1865 when Maxwell described the behavior of electric and magnetic fields. The claim of Maxwell was verified by Hertz in 1886 by first wireless system. He also constructed a loop antenna and invented parabolic cylinder reflector antenna. Marconi performed the first transatlantic transmission from Poldhu in Cornwell, England to St. Johns, Newfoundland in 1901. After Marconi, Lodge (1903) patented a syntonic radio system which embodied the first UWB antenna based on the concept of narrowband frequency domain radio. He also developed the spherical dipoles, square plate dipoles, biconical dipoles and bowtie dipoles. J. C. Bose (1888) performed pioneering work in millimeter wave systems. He demonstrated the complete transmitting and receiving system around 60 GHz which included the collecting funnel − the first horn antenna.