Fundamental Limitations for DOA and Polarization Estimation With Applications in Array Signal Processing


Using a generic electromagnetic model based on the spherical vector harmonics, we provide the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRB) for direction-on-arrival (DOA) and polarization estimation with arbitrary multiport antennas. By reciprocity, the receiving multiport antenna is characterized in terms of the transmission matrix from incident voltage waves to multipole… (More)


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