Fundamental Dimensions of Environmental Risk

  title={Fundamental Dimensions of Environmental Risk},
  author={Bruce J. Ellis and Aurelio Jos{\'e} Figueredo and Barbara Hagenah Brumbach and Gabriel L. Schlomer},
  journal={Human Nature},
The current paper synthesizes theory and data from the field of life history (LH) evolution to advance a new developmental theory of variation in human LH strategies. The theory posits that clusters of correlated LH traits (e.g., timing of puberty, age at sexual debut and first birth, parental investment strategies) lie on a slow-to-fast continuum; that harshness (externally caused levels of morbidity-mortality) and unpredictability (spatial-temporal variation in harshness) are the most… 
Environmental risks, life history strategy, and developmental psychology.
This review introduces the evolutionary biological backgrounds and basic principles of LHT as well as their applications in developmental psychology and explains the effects of four aspects of environmental risks on human LH strategy.
Human Life History Strategies
The findings suggest that human LH strategies may be calibrated to both external and internal cues and that such calibrational effects manifest in a wide range of psychological and behavioral phenotypes.
Strategic differentiation and integration of genomic-level heritabilities facilitate individual differences in preparedness and plasticity of human life history
The Continuous Parameter Estimation Model is applied to measure individual genomic-level heritabilities (termed transmissibilities) and indicates that inter-individual variation in transmissibility is a function of individual socioecological selection pressures.
Models of pace-of-life syndromes (POLS): a systematic review
It is found that the set of relevant models is small, and models show that covariances between life history traits and behavioural or physiological traits can arise even in the absence of a current-future reproduction trade-off, implying that observing such covariance does not provide a strong indication regarding the process generating POLS.
Differential Effects of Fundamental and Longitudinal Life History Trade-Offs on Delay Discounting: An Evolutionary Framework
We synthesized life history theory and the antagonistic pleiotropy hypothesis to form an integrative framework for understanding delay discounting (DD). We distinguished between fundamental and
Life History and Race Differences in Puberty Length : A Test of Differential-K Theory.
Life history (LH) theory is a mid-level evolutionary account of differences in evolved reproductive strategies (Wilson, 1975). LH theory categorizes species along a continuum ranging from fast (r) to
Resource Availability, Mortality, and Fertility: A Path Analytic Approach to Global Life-History Variation
A path analytic approach informed by LHT is used to model the multiple pathways between resources, mortality rates, and reproductive behavior in 191 countries and suggests that a PA approach may help disaggregate extrinsic and intrinsic mortality factors in cross-cultural analyses.
Life History Theory as Organizing Principle of Psychiatric Disorders: Implications and Prospects Exemplified by Borderline Personality Disorder
Life history theory (LHT) concerns an organism’s differential allocation of resources to physical growth and reproduction. Less technically expressed, there is a trade-off between an organisms
Sex-Specific Associations of Harsh Childhood Environment with Psychometrically Assessed Life History Profile: no Evidence for Mediation through Developmental Timing or Embodied Capital
Objectives Life History (LH) Theory explains how organisms allocate energy among the competing demands of growth and maintenance (i.e., investment in future reproduction), mating effort, and
Life-history theory in psychology and evolutionary biology: one research programme or two?
It is argued that L HT-E and LHT-P are different research programmes in the Lakatosian sense, and there is much potential for greater integration in the future, through both theoretical modelling and further empirical research.


LIFE HISTORY TRAITS IN HUMANS: Theory and Empirical Studies
▪ Abstract Life history theory offers evolutionary explanations for the timing of life events, with a particular focus on age-schedules of fertility and mortality and growth. Traditional models
Death, Hope, and Sex: Life-History Theory and the Development of Reproductive Strategies [and Comments and Reply]
Many social scientists reject evolutionary views of human behavior because of their supposed genetic determinism. To establish that not all evolutionary models are inherently deterministic the author
Consilience and Life History Theory: From Genes to Brain to Reproductive Strategy.
An evolutionary ecological perspective on demographic transitions: Modeling multiple currencies
  • B. LowC. SimonK. Anderson
  • Economics
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2002
Using delineating parameter values drawn from data in the literature, this work model these tradeoffs to determine how much socioeconomic advantage will compensate for delayed first births and lower lifetime fertility and examines the effects of work and education on women's lifetime and age‐specific fertility.
Living fast and dying young: A comparative analysis of life‐history variation among mammals
This paper compares patterns of mortality from natural populations of mammals with a variety of life histories and finds that, after removing the effects of body weight, mortality is the best predictor of variation in life-history traits.
Life‐History Consequences of Density Dependence and the Evolution of Human Body Size
Comparative results support density‐dependent effects on body size that act through two pathways—nutritional constraints and juvenile mortality—at varying intensities, contributing to a nearly twofold range in body size across human societies.
Life history and the early origins of health differentials
  • C. WorthmanJ. Kuzara
  • Biology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2005
Current epidemiologic models concerning the fetal origins of later health risk are evaluated from the perspectives of evolutionary and developmental biology and the axis emerges an agent of resource allocation that draws a common thread among conditions of gestation, postnatal environments, and functional and health‐related outcomes.
Analysis of physiological correlates of the life-history trade-offs in Drosophila melanogaster allows fruitflies to evolve in response to high (HAM) and low (LAM) adult mortality rates to reveal trade-off between early fecundity, late fecundy, and starvation resistance, which appear to be mediated by differential allocation of lipids.
The theory of r- and K-selection was one of the first predictive models for life-history evolution. It helped to galvanize the empirical field of comparative life-history and dominated thinking on